Geography of Ascension Island – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Ascension Island including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Ascension Island.

Ascension Island is an isolated volcanic island, 7°56′ south of the Equator in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) from the coast of Africa and 1,400 miles (2,300 km) from the coast of Brazil.

  • It is governed as part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, of which the main island, Saint Helena, is around 800 miles (1,300 km) to the southeast.
  • The territory also includes the sparsely populated Tristan da Cunha archipelago, 2,300 miles (3,700 km) to the south, about halfway to the Antarctic Circle.

Geography of Ascension Island

Geography of Ascension Island
Fig: WikipediaGeography of Ascension Island
  • Ascension Island is a working island which means that everyone on the island is here to work or to accompany someone who works. As such there is no right of abode. It may be possible for individuals to be offered new contracts following the end of a previous contract, so some individuals may have been on the island for significant periods of time. However when their contract ends for a final time they will also need to leave the island and return to their place of recruitment.

Sovereign state:

United Kingdom


88 Km2





Bordering Countries:

It is Bordering the ocean itself

Total Size:

91 Km2

Geographical Coordinates:

7.9467° S, 14.3559° W

World Region or Continent:


General Terrain:

The terrain of the island is wild, barren and rugged. The lower coastal areas are hot and dry but the island is dominated by the 859m Green Mountain, the summit of which is lush, green and offers a slightly cooler climate.

Geographical Low Point:

1,000 miles (1,600 km) from the coast of Africa and 1,400 miles (2,300 km) from the coast of Brazil.

Geographical High Point:

2,818 ft 


High 26° / 22° Low

Major cities:

  • Georgetown
  • Two Boats Village
  • Cat Hill
  • Traveller’s Hill

Major Land forms:

  • Fjords of Ascension Island.
  • Glaciers of Ascension Island.
  • Islands of Ascension Island.
  • Lakes of Ascension Island.
  • Mountains of Ascension Island. Volcanoes in Ascension Island.
  • Rivers of Ascension Island.
  • Valleys of Ascension Island.
  • World Heritage Sites in Ascension Island

Famous Places:

  • Green Mountain
  • Green Mountain National Park
  • Boatswain Bird Island
  • Comfortless Cove

Natural Resources:

Ascension has been an important strategic military outpost and there is a rich historical heritage on the island of abandoned forts, installations and dwellings dating back to the 18th century

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublandsBiomes.


The main island has an area of approximately 88 km2. A volcanic peak rising from 100 km (62 mi) west of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, much of the island is a wasteland of lava flows and cinder cones; forty-four distinct dormant craters have been identifiedTopography

Mountain Ranges:

  • Weather Post
  • Red Hill
  • Devil’s Ashpit
  • White Hill
  • Sisters Peak
  • Spoon Crater
  • Traveller’s Hill
  • South East Crater
  • Lady Hill
  • Cross Hill
  • Bears Back
  • Dark Slope Crater
  • Broken Tooth
  • South Gannet Hill
  • Cat Hill
  • Letter Box
  • Devil’s Riding School

Countries of Ascension Island:

  • Georgetown
  • Two Boats
  • Jamestown
  • Longwood

See Also:

World Map

Web References:

Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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