Geography of Asia – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Geography of Asia reviews geographical concepts of classifying Asia, the central and eastern part of Eurasia, comprising approximately fifty countries. Asia is Earth’s largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. Asia is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the north by the Arctic Ocean. The border of Asia with Europe is a historical and cultural construct, as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them.

  • China and India alternated in being the largest economies in the world from 1 to 1800 CE. China was a major economic power and attracted many to the east, and for many the legendary wealth and prosperity of the ancient culture of India personified Asia.
  • Asia varies greatly across and within its regions with regard to ethnic groups, cultures, environments, economics, historical ties and government systems. It also has a mix of many different climates ranging from the equatorial south via the hot desert in the Middle East, temperate areas in the east and the continental center to vast subarctic and polar areas in Siberia.

Geography of Asia:

Asia Map with Countries and Capitals

Asia Map with Countries and Capitals


Central Asia:

  • Kazakhstan 
  • Kyrgyzstan 
  • Tajikistan 
  • Turkmenistan 
  • Uzbekistan.

Map of Central Asia:

Asia Political Map

East Asia:

  • China
  • Hong Kong
  • Macau
  • Tibet
  • Japan (Kyoto)
  • North Korea 
  • South Korea 
  • Mongolia
  • Taiwan

Map of East Asia:

North Asia:

  • Russia

Map of North Asia:

Southeast Asia:

  • Brunei 
  • Cambodia 
  • East Timor (Timor-Leste) 
  • Indonesia (Jakarta)
  • Laos 
  • Malaysia 
  • Myanmar (Burma)
  • Philippines (Metro Manila)
  • Singapore
  • Thailand (Bangkok)
  • Vietnam

Map of Southeast Asia:

South Asia:

  • Afghanistan 
  • Bangladesh 
  • Bhutan 
  • Maldives 
  • Nepal 
  • Pakistan 
  • Sri Lanka
  • India

West Asia:

  • Armenia 
  • Azerbaijan 
  • Bahrain
  • Cyprus 
  • Georgia 
  • Iran 
  • Iraq 
  • Israel 
  • Jordan 
  • Kuwait 
  • Lebanon 
  • Oman 
  • State of Palestine 
  • Qatar 
  • Saudi Arabia 
  • Syria 
  • Turkey (Istanbul)
  • United Arab Emirates (Dubai)
  • Yemen

Caucasus :

A region considered to be in both Asia and Europe, or between them.

North Caucasus:

  • Parts of Russia (Chechnya, Ingushetia, Dagestan, Adyghea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachai-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai)

South Caucasus:

  • Georgia (including disputed Abkhazia, South Ossetia)
  • Armenia 
  • Azerbaijan (including disputed Republic of Artsakh)

Also Read: World Map

Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming.