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Geography of Europe – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

  • Geography of Europe is traditionally defined as one of seven continents. Physio graphically, it is the northwestern peninsula of the larger landmass known as Eurasia.
  • Europe is a collection of connected peninsulas and nearby islands. The two largest peninsulas are mainland Europe and Scandinavia to the north, divided from each other by the Baltic Sea.Three smaller peninsulas—Iberia, Italy, and the Balkans—emerge from the southern margin of the mainland. The Balkan peninsula is separated from Asia by the Black and Aegean Seas.
  • Europe is sometimes called a “peninsula of peninsulas”, to draw attention to the fact that Europe is a relatively small, elongated appendage to Asia, and that a large part of Europe is made up of peninsula

Geography of Europe


Map of Europe with Countries and Capitals

Map of Europe with Countries and Capitals
Fig: ontheworldmap.com

Region:

  • Eastern Europe
  • Northern Europe
  • Southern Europe
  • Western Europe

Area:

10,180,000 km2

Demonym:

European

Population:

74.64 crores

Countries:

  • Russia
  •  Turkey
  •  Germany
  •  France
  •  United Kingdom
  •  Italy
  •  Spain
  •  Ukraine
  •  Poland
  •  Romania
  •  Kazakhstan
  •  Netherlands
  •  Belgium
  •  Greece
  •  Czech Republic
  •  Sweden
  •  Portugal
  •  Azerbaijan
  •  Hungary
  •  Belarus
  •  Austria
  •  Switzerland
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Serbia
  •  Denmark
  •  Finland
  •  Slovakia
  •  Norway
  •  Ireland
  • Croatia
  •  Georgia
  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  •  Armenia
  •  Albania
  •  Lithuania
  •  Moldova
  •  North Macedonia
  •  Slovenia
  •  Latvia
  •  Kosovo
  •  Estonia
  •  Cyprus
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Montenegro
  •  Malta
  •  Iceland
  •  Jersey (UK)
  •  Isle of Man (UK)
  •  Andorra
  •  Guernsey (UK)
  •  Faroe Islands (Denmark)
  •  Monaco
  •  Liechtenstein
  •  Gibraltar (UK)
  •  San Marino
  •  Åland Islands (Finland)
  •  Vatican City

Total Size:

10.18 million km²

Geographical Coordinates:

54.5260° N, 15.2551° E

World Region or Continent:

Europe

General Terrain:

The terrain descends from the high Alps, Pyrenees, and Carpathians, through hilly uplands, into broad, low northern plains, which are vast in the east.

Geographical Low Point:

  • Krubera Cave, Abkhazia, Georgia or Lamprechtsofen, Austria

Geographical High Point:

Caucasus Mountains watershed

Climate:

  • Europe is generally characterized by a temperate climate. Most of Western Europe has an Oceanic climate, in the Köppen climate classification, featuring cool to warm summers and cool winters with frequent overcast skies. Four seasons occur in most of Europe away from the Mediterranean.

Major cities:

  • Istanbul
  • Moscow
  • London
  • Saint Petersburg
  • Berlin
  • Madrid
  • Kyiv
  • Rome
  • Bucharest
  • Paris
  • Minsk
  • Vienna
  • Hamburg
  • Warsaw
  • Budapest
  • Barcelona
  • Munich
  • Kharkiv

  • Milan
  • Belgrade
  • Prague
  • Nizhny Novgorod
  • Kazan
  • Sofia
  • Birmingham
  • Brussels
  • Samara
  • Ufa
  • Rostov-on-Don
  • Cologne
  • Tbilisi
  • Voronezh
  • Perm
  • Volgograd
  • Odessa

Major Land forms:

  • Thames River.
  • Pyrenees Mountains.
  • North European Plain.
  • Jutland.
  • Mount Etna.
  • Mediterranean Sea.
  • Carpathian Mountains.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers:

  • Danube
  • Rhine
  • Volga River
  • Elbe
  • Dnieper River
  • Seine

Major Lakes:

  • Enare träsk (Inari)
  • Päijänne
  • Beloje ozero
  • Mälaren
  • Vättern
  • Peipus
  • Saimen
  • Vänern
  • Onega
  • Ladoga

Natural Resources:

  • Wood,
  • Soil,
  • Water,
  • Fish,
  • Natural gas,
  • Coal, and
  • Iron

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

The biomes found in Europe are: deciduous forest, boreal forest, tundra, chaparral and grassland.

Oceans:

  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Black Sea

Islands:

  • Ibiza
  • Santorini
  • Crete
  • Majorca
  • Mykonos
  • Gozo
  • Capri
  • Hvar
  • Corfu

Mountain Ranges:

  • Mont Blanc
  • Mount Ebru
  • Matterhorn
  • Dolomites
  • Balkan Mountains
  • Monte Rosa

Countries of Europe:

  • Russia*
  • Ukraine
  •  France*
  •  Spain*
  •  Sweden
  •  Norway
  •  Germany
  •  Finland
  •  Poland
  •  Italy
  •  United Kingdom*
  •  Romania
  •  Belarus
  •  Kazakhstan*
  •  Greece
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Iceland
  •  Hungary
  •  Portugal
  •  Austria
  •  Czech Republic
  •  Serbia
  •  Ireland
  •  Lithuania
  •  Latvia
  •  Croatia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  •  Slovakia
  •  Estonia
  •  Denmark*
  •  Switzerland
  •  Netherlands*
  •  Moldova
  •  Belgium
  •  Armenia*
  •  Albania
  •  North Macedonia
  •  Turkey*
  •  Slovenia
  •  Montenegro
  •  Kosovo
  •  Azerbaijan*
  •  Cyprus
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Georgia*
  •  Andorra
  •  Malta
  •  Liechtenstein
  •  San Marino
  •  Monaco
  •  Vatican City

Map of Europe With Capitals:

Map of Europe With Capitals:
Fig:ontheworldmap.com

Physical Map of Europe

Physical Map of Europe
FIg:ontheworldmap.com

See Also:

World Map

References:

Wikipedia

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