Geography of Guyana – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Guyana including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Guyana.

  • Geography of Guyana comprises the physical characteristics of the country in Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela, with a land area of approximately 214,969 square kilometres. The country is situated between 1 and 9 north latitude and between 56 and 62 west longitude. With a 459 km (285 mi)-long Atlantic coastline on the northeast.
  • Guyana is bounded by Venezuela on the west, Brazil on the west and south, and Suriname on the east. The land comprises three main geographical zones: the coastal plain, the white sand belt and the interior highlands.

Geography of Guyana

Geography of Guyana
Figure: Geography of Guyana – Wikipedia




Ranked 83rd




7.83 lakhs

Bordering Countries:

Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, by Suriname to the east, by Brazil to the south and southwest, and by Venezuela to the west.

Total Size:

214,969 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

4.8604° N, 58.9302° W

World Region or Continent:

South America

General Terrain:

  • Rolling highlands;
  • Low coastal plain;
  • Savanna in south

Geographical Low Point:

Caribbean Sea 0 metres

Geographical High Point:

Mount Roraima 2,835 metres


  • Guyana has a tropical climate, and temperatures do not vary much throughout the year.
  • The year has two wet seasons
    1. From December to early February and from late April to mid-August.
    2. Guyana lies south of the path of Caribbean hurricanes and none is known to have hit the country.

Major cities:

  • Georgetown
  • Linden
  • New Amsterdam
  • Anna Regina
  • Bartica
  • Skeldon
  • Rosignol
  • Mahaica Village
  • Mahdia
  • Parika
  • Vreed-en-Hoop
  • Mahaicony Village

Major Land forms:

The largest of Guyana’s three geographical regions is the interior highlands, a series of plateaus, flat-topped mountains, and savannahs that extend from the white sand belt to the country’s southern borders. The Pakaraima Mountains dominate the western part of the interior highlands.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Amazon River
  • Negro River
  • Branco River
  • Takutu River
  • Ireng River
  • Courentyne River
  • New River
  • Kutari River
  • Coeroeni River
  • Berbice River
  • Canje River
  • Abary River
  • Mahaicony River
  • Mahaica River
  • Demerara River
  • Haiama River
  • Haianari Creek
  • Haiakwa Creek
  • Kuruabaru River
  • Essequibo River
  • Mazaruni River
  • Kamarang River
  • Issineru River
  • Meamu River
  • Kurupung River
  • Eping River
  • Merume River
  • Puruni River
  • Cuyuni River
  • Wenamu River
  • Ekareku River
  • Akaiwang River
  • Oko River
  • Potaro River
  • Arnik River
  • Kurubrang River
  • Konawaruk River
  • Siparuni River
  • Burro-Burro River
  • Rupununi River
  • Rewa River
  • Kwitaro River
  • Kuyuwini River
  • Kassikaityu River
  • Pomeroon River
  • Wakapau River
  • Moruka River
  • Waini River
  • Barama River
  • Orinoco River (Venezuela)
  • Barima River
  • Kaituma River
  • Amacuro River (Amakura River

Largest lake:

Mainstay Lake

Natural Resources:

  • Bauxite,
  • Gold,
  • Diamonds,
  • Hardwood timber,
  • Shrimp, and
  • Fish.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests


Guyana has three main natural regions: a low-lying coastal plain, extending for about 435 km (270 mi) and ranging from 16 to 64 km (10–40 mi) in width, much of which is below high-tide level and must be protected by sea walls and drainage canals; a region of heavily forested, rolling, hilly land, about 160 km (100 mi).


Antlantic Ocean


  • Hogg Island Guyana
  • Leguan Island
  • Wakenaam
  • Crab Island
  • Ankoko Island
  • Corocoro Island
  • Akorikoria Island

Land Use:

Arable land: 2.13%
Permanent crops: 0.14%
Other: 97.72%

Mountains in Guyana:

  • Mount Roraima
  • Mount Ayanganna
  • Imataka Mountains
  • Mount Venamo
  • Monte Caburai

Natural hazards:

  • Flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
  • Hurricanes are becoming a threat during summertime

Counties of Guyana Map:

  • Essequibo
  • Demerara
  • Berbice

Facts about Guyana Map:

  • Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America.
  • In size, Guyana is larger than New York state but smaller than Idaho.
  • The major languages of Guyana are English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi and Urdu.
  • The major religions of Guyana are Christianity, Hinduism and Islam.
  • The country also has some unique endemic species of animals and plants.
  • Guyana gained independence in 1966. Since then, it has been supporting a parliamentary system.
  • Guyana is the third-smallest country on the mainland of South America.
  • Guyana is the only nation state of the Commonwealth of Nations on the mainland of South America.

See Also:

World Map


Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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