Geography of Kiribati – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Kiribati including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Kiribati.

  • Kiribati officially the Republic of Kiribati is an independent island nation in the central Pacific Ocean. The permanent population is over 119,000 , more than half of whom live on Tarawa atoll.
  • The state comprises 32 atolls and one raised coral island, Banaba. They have a total land area of 811 square kilometers and are dispersed over 3.5 million km2.
  • Kiribati gained its independence from the United Kingdom, becoming a sovereign state in 1979.
  • Kiribati is a member of the Pacific Community (SPC), Commonwealth of Nations, the IMF, the World Bank, the OACPS and became a full member of the United Nations in 1999 and also a member of the Pacific Islands Forum.
  • As an island nation, the islands are very vulnerable to climate change and addressing climate change has been a central part of its international policy, as a member of the Alliance of Small Island States.
  • The name Kiribati was adopted in 1979 at independence. It is the Gilbertese rendition of Gilberts, the plural of the English name of the nation’s main archipelago, the Gilbert Islands.
  • Kiribati consists of 32 atolls and one island scattered over all four hemispheres in an expanse of ocean equivalent in size to the contiguous United States.
  • The islands lie roughly halfway between Hawaii and Australia in the Micronesian and Polynesian regions of the South Pacific.
  • The three main island groupings are the Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands, and Line Islands.
  • Kiribati straddles the equator in the Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia.
  • On 1 January 1995, Kiribati unilaterally moved the International Date Line from the middle of the country to include its easternmost islands and make it the same day throughout the country.

Geography of Kiribati

Geography of Kiribati
Figure: Geography of Kiribati – WIkipedia




Ranked 172nd


South Tarawa



Bordering Countries:

Kiribati maintains close relations with its Pacific neighbors, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and Fiji. The first three of these provide the bulk of the country’s foreign aid.

Total Size:

811 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

1°25′N 173°00′E

World Region or Continent:


Geographical Low Point:

Sea Level, 0 m (0 ft)

Geographical High Point:

Unnamed location on Banaba 81 m (266 ft)


  • Due to its location, Kiribati exhibits a maritime climate. Temperatures range between 26 and 32 °C year-round, with the water temperature sitting on a comfortable year-round 28-29 °C.
  • The dry season is from December to March while the wet season last from February to May and from September to November. In the driest years, the islands have received 150mm of rainfall while its wettest years saw upwards of 4000mm.

Major cities:

  • Abaokoro
  • Abarao
  • Aiaki
  • Ambo
  • Antai
  • Bairiki
  • Banana
  • Betio
  • Bikenibeu
  • Bonriki
  • Buariki (Aranuka)
  • Buariki (Tabiteuea)
  • Buariki (Tarawa)
  • Bubutei
  • Buota
  • Eita
  • London
  • Makin
  • Marenanuka
  • Poland
  • Paris
  • Rawannawi
  • Roreti
  • Rungata
  • Tabiauea
  • Taboiaki
  • Taborio
  • Tabukiniberu
  • Taburao
  • Tabwakea
  • Taubukinmeang
  • Teaoraereke
  • Tebikerei
  • Temaraia
  • Temwaiku
  • Tetabakea
  • Tuarabu
  • Utiroa
  • Ukiangang

Major Rivers and Lakes:

There are no rivers in Kiribati,

Natural Resources:

Kiribati has very few natural resources. The bulk of natural resources and national exports now are copra and fish.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:








Mountain Ranges:

Mountain Ranges

Countries of Kiribati Map:

Countries of Europe.

Facts about Kiribati :

Facts about Europe.

Color Map.

All Other Maps.

See Also:

World Map


Geography of Kiribati – Wikipedia

Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 0 comments

Leave a Reply: