Geography of Nauru – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021
Learn facts and Geography of Nauru including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Nauru.
- Nauru is officially the Republic of Nauru and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country and microstate in Oceania, in the Central Pacific. Its nearest neighbor is Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 km (190 mi) to the east.
- Nauru is a phosphate-rock island with rich deposits near the surface, which allowed easy strip mining operations. Its remaining phosphate resources are not economically viable for extraction.
- The sovereign state is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations and the African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States.
- Nauru’s only economically significant natural resources are phosphates, formed from guano deposits by seabirds, and fisheries, particularly for tuna.
- Due to being surrounded by corals and sandy beaches, the island houses no natural harbors, nor any rivers or substantial lakes.
- Nauru has a unique navigational system, which is only capable of being used on the island.
Geography of Nauru
It’s nearest neighbor is Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 km (190 mi) to the east. It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, 1,300 km (810 mi) northeast of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands.
8.1 sq mi
World Region or Continent:
Geographical Low Point:
Pacific Ocean (sea level).
Geographical High Point:
- Nauru’s climate is hot and very humid year-round because of its proximity to the equator and the ocean.
- Nauru is hit by monsoon rains between November and February, but rarely has cyclones.
- Annual rainfall is highly variable and is influenced by the El Niño–Southern Oscillation, with several significant recorded droughts.
Major Land forms:
A sandy beach rises to the fertile ring around raised coral reefs. The raised phosphate plateau (‘Topside’) takes up the central portion of the island. The highest point is 213 ft (65 m) above sea level, along the plateau rim.
Major Rivers and Lakes:
There are no Major rivers and lakes in Nauru
Natural Resources are resources are phosphates, formed from guano deposits by seabirds, and fisheries, particularly for tuna.
Major Geographical Features:
Nauru, one of the largest phosphate-rock islands in the Pacific, is oval-shaped and fringed by a wide coral reef. It has no natural harbor or anchorage. A relatively fertile belt varying in width from 150 to 300 m (490–980 ft) encircles the island.
There are no mountains on Nauru.