Geography of Tristan da Cunha – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Tristan da Cunha including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Tristan da Cunha.

  • Tristan da Cunha is an archipelago of five islands in the southern Atlantic Ocean, the largest of which is the island of Tristan da Cunha itself and the second-largest, the remote bird haven, Gough Island.
  • It forms part of a wider territory called Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha which includes Saint Helena and Ascension Island.
  • Tristan da Cunha is thought to have been formed by a long-lived center of up welling mantle called the Tristan hotspot. Tristan da Cunha is the main island of the Tristan da Cunha archipelago, which consists of the following islands:
    1. Inaccessible Island
    2. Nightingale Islands
    3. Middle Island
    4. Stoltenhoff Island
    5. Gough Island

Geography of Tristan da Cunha

Map of Tristan da Cunha

Geography of Tristan da Cunha
Fig: Geography of Tristan da Cunha Wikipedia
  • Tristan da Cunha is a British Overseas Territory with its own constitution. There is no airstrip on the main island; the only way of travelling in and out of Tristan is by boat, a six-day trip from South Africa.

Sovereign state:

United Kingdom


98 km2





Bordering Countries:

St Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha.

Total Size:

Total 270 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

37.1052° S, 12.2777° W

World Region or Continent:

South Atlantic Ocean

First settlement:


Official Language:


Geographical High Point:

2,062 m (6,765 ft)


  • Average Maximum: 14
  • Average Mean : 12.5

Major cities:

Edinburgh of the Seven Seas

List of mountains and Hills:

  • Queen Mary’s Peak
  • Mount Olav
  • Edinburgh Peak
  • Expedition Peak
  • Green Mountain
  • The Peak
  • Centre Rowett
  • Diana’s Peak
  • Nigel’s Cap
  • North Rowett
  • West Rowett
  • High Peak
  • False Peak
  • Mountain or hill
  • Sandy Bay Ridge
  • Sea-hen Crag
  • High Hill
  • White Point
  • Hag’s Tooth
  • Hooper’s Ridge
  • Flagstaff Hill
  • Halley’s Mount
  • Tavistock Crag
  • The Saddle
  • Triple Peak
  • The Haystack
  • Weather Post
  • Long Range
  • Mount Argus
  • High Knoll
  • Joan Hill
  • Blue Point
  • Green Hill
  • Stone Top Ridge
  • Swale’s Fell
  • Red Hill
  • White Hill
  • Devil’s Ashpit
  • Piccolo Hill
  • White Hill
  • Boulder Hill
  • Round Hill
  • Cave Gulch Hill
  • Red Hill

Major Lakes:

  • Queen Mary’s lake
  • The Ponds.

Famous Places:

  • Calshot Harbour. Points of Interest & Landmarks.
  • Post Office and Tourism Centre. Visitor Centres.
  • Thatched House Museum. Points of Interest & Landmarks.
  • Albatross Bar. Bars & Clubs.
  • Tristan da Cunha Golf Club. Golf Courses.
  • Queen Mary’s Peak. Mountains.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrub lands.


South Atlantic Ocean

Mountain Ranges:

Queen Mary’s Peak2,062 metres
Mount Olav1,969 metres

Towns in Tristan da Cunha:

Edinburgh of the Seven Seas

Facts about Tristan da Cunha:

  • Tristan da Cunha is a hotspot volcano that last erupted in 1961 and 1962. At that time the population was evacuated and transported to England.
  • The main language of the island is English but they use a Patois English in speech. The currency is British pound sterling and only cash is accepted as they cannot facilitate card transactions.
  • The main industry of Tristan da Cunha is fishing and farming.
  • The entire island is made up of upwelling magma called the Tristan Hotspot.
  • It became a dependency of the colony of St. Helena in 1938.
  • This island is only accessible by a 7 day boat journey from Cape Town, South Africa.
  • More than 50% of islanders have partial evidence of asthma and twenty-three per cent have a definite diagnosis.

See Also:

World Map

Web References:

Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming.