Geography of Wisconsin – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Wisconsin including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Wisconsin.

  • Wisconsin is a state in the upper Midwestern United States.
  • It is bordered by Minnesota to the west; Iowa to the southwest; Illinois to the south; Lake Michigan to the east; Michigan to the northeast; and Lake Superior to the north.
  • Wisconsin is the 25th-largest state by total area and the 20th-most populous.
  • The state capital, Madison, is currently the second most populated and fastest growing city in the state.
  • Wisconsin is divided into 72 counties and as of the 2020 census had a population of nearly 5.9 million.
  • Geography of Wisconsin is diverse, having been greatly impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Drift less Area.

Geography of Wisconsin

Geography of Wisconsin


United States


65,498.37 sq mi





Bordering Countries:

  • It is bordered by Minnesota to the west; Iowa to the southwest; Illinois to the south; Lake Michigan to the east; Michigan to the northeast; and Lake Superior to the north.

Total Size:


Geographical Coordinates:

Longitude: 86° 49’W to 92° 54’W
Latitude: 42° 30’N to 47° 3’N

World Region or Continent:

North America

General Terrain:

The region is generally a flat sandy plain, with Glacial Lake Wisconsin composing much of the region. The Eastern Ridges and Lowlands region, in the southeast, is home to many of the state’s largest cities. The region is located west of Lake Michigan, and is primarily a plain, sloping down to the lake.

Geographical Low Point:

  • The lowest point in Wisconsin is Lake Michigan at 581 feet above sea level.

Geographical High Point:

  • The highest point in Wisconsin is Timms Hill at 1,951 feet above sea level.


  • Most of Wisconsin is classified as warm-summer humid continental climate while southern and southwestern portions are classified as hot-summer humid continental climate.
  • The highest temperature ever recorded in the state was in the Wisconsin Dells, on July 13, 1936, where it reached 114 °F (46 °C).
  • The lowest temperature ever recorded was in the village of Couderay, where it reached −55 °F (−48 °C) on both February 2 and 4, 1996

Major cities:

Major Cities of Wisconsin
Green Bay
Eau Claire
West Allis
La Crosse
Fond du Lac
New Berlin
Menomonee Falls

Major Land forms:

  • Gogebic and Trap Ranges.
  • Blue Hills.
  • Margin of the northern ice lobes.
  • Northern highlands.
  • Central Sand Plains.
  • Baraboo Hills.
  • Lower Wisconsin River valley.
  • Blue Mounds.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major rivers:

  • Wisconsin River,
  • Mississippi River,
  • St. Croix River,
  • Chippewa River

Major Lakes:

  • Lake Michigan,
  • Lake Superior,
  • Lake Winnebago

Natural Resources:

Wisconsin’s most valuable natural resources are its water, soil, and climate. These make farming and dairying very profitable. Wisconsin’s forests, though not as valuable as they once were, still add a good share to the state’s income.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

Three major biomes converge in Wisconsin: the northern forests with their mix of hardwoods and conifers, the prairies, and the southern hardwood forests.


Atlanta ocean


Adventure Island
Big Sister Island
Big Susie Island
Birds Tree Island
Cana Island
Cat Island
Chambers Island
Detroit Island
Fish Island
Grassy Island
Gravel Island
Green Island
Hat Island
Hog Island

Mountain Ranges:

  • Timms Hill (State High Point)
  • Perrot Ridge
  • High Cliff
  • Wildcat Mountain
  • Rib Mountain
  • Ice Age National Scenic Trail

Counties of Wisconsin:

Milwaukee County
Dane County
Waukesha County
Brown County
Racine County
Outagamie County
Winnebago County
Kenosha County
Rock County
Marathon County
Washington County
La Crosse County
Sheboygan County
Eau Claire County
Walworth County
Fond du Lac County
St. Croix County
Ozaukee County
Dodge County
Jefferson County
Manitowoc County
Wood County
Portage County
Sauk County
Chippewa County
Columbia County
Grant County
Waupaca County
Calumet County
Monroe County
Barron County
Dunn County
Polk County
Douglas County
Pierce County
Shawano County
Marinette County
Oconto County
Green County
Oneida County
Clark County
Vernon County
Trempealeau County
Lincoln County
Door County
Juneau County
Waushara County
Iowa County
Vilas County
Jackson County
Kewaunee County
Taylor County
Adams County
Langlade County
Green Lake County
Richland County
Lafayette County
Sawyer County
Crawford County
Washburn County
Ashland County
Marquette County
Burnett County
Bayfield County
Rusk County
Price County
Buffalo County
Forest County
Pepin County
Iron County
Menominee County
Florence County

See Also:

Geography of United States

Web References:

Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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