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Geography of Venezuela – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Venezuela is a country in South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana. It is situated on major sea and air routes linking North and South America.

  • It is the 32nd largest country, about twice the size of California. Shaped roughly like an inverted triangle, the country has a 2,800 km (1,700 mi) long coastline.

Geography Of Venezuela:


Region:

Caribbean

Area:

Ranked 32nd

Capital:

Caracas

Population:

2.85 Cr

Bordering Countries:

Caribbean Sea, Guyana, Brazil and Colombia.

Total Size:

916,445 Km2

Geographical Coordinates:

6.4238° N, 66.5897° W

World Region or Continent:

South America

General Terrain:

The terrain of Venezuela includes Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast.

Geographical Low Point:

Caribbean Sea – 0 meters.

Geographical High Point:

Pico Bolivar – 5,007 meters.

Climate:

Venezuela is tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Major cities:

  • Caracas
  • Barinas
  • Maracaibo
  • Cabimas
  • Barquisimeto
  • Mérida
  • Ciudad Guayana
  • Guarenas
  • Maturín
  • Los Teques
  • Maracay
  • Baruta
  • Petare
  • Coro
  • Barcelona
  • El Tigre
  • Ciudad Bolívar
  • Guacara
  • Cumana
  • Puerto Cabello

Major Land forms:

Major land forms in Venezuela:

  • Amacuro Delta
  • Cerro Petaca
  • Guiana Highlands
  • Lake Bermudez
  • Maverick Rock
  • Piedra del Cocuy
  • Sororopán-tepui

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers:

  • Amazon River (Brazil)
  • Rio Negro
  • Casiquiare canal
  • Baria River
  • Yatuá River
  • Siapa River
  • Pasimoni River
  • Guainía River
  • Conorochite River
  • Essequibo Basin
  • Essequibo River (Guyana)
  • Mazaruni River (Guyana)
  • Cuyuni River
  • Wenamu River
  • Corumpo River
  • Yuruarí River
  • Supamo River
  • Kamarang River
  • Orinoco Basin
  • Orinoco River
  • Santo Domingo River
  • Pagüey River
  • Canagua River
  • Caparo River
  • Sarare River
  • Uribante River
  • Arauca River
  • Cunaviche River
  • Matiyure River
  • Orichuna River or Arichuna
  • Chiviripa River
  • Capanaparo River
  • Suapure River
  • Cinaruco River
  • Parguaza River
  • Meta River
  • Sipapo River
  • Cuao River
  • Autana River
  • Guayapo River
  • Atabapo River
  • Ventuari River
  • Parú River
  • Marieta River
  • Manapiare River
  • Cunucunuma River
  • Casiquiare canal (distributary)
  • Padamo River
  • Matacuni River
  • Ocamo River
  • Mavaca River
  • Manaviche River
  • Gulf of Paria
  • Caño Mánamo listed under Orinoco
  • Guanipa River

  • Rio Grande (distributary, empties into the Boca Grande)
  • Barima River
  • Amacuro River
  • Cuyubini River
  • Aguirre River
  • Caño Araguao (distributary)
  • Caño Mariusa (distributary)
  • Caño Macareo (distributary)
  • Caño Tucupita (distributary)
  • Caño Mánamo (distributary, empties into the Gulf of Paria)
  • Tigre River
  • Morichal Largo River
  • Urecoa River
  • Caroní River
  • Paragua River
  • Asa River
  • Uinebona River
  • Carutu River
  • Carrao River
  • Churún River
  • Icabarú River
  • Acaruay River
  • Aponguao River
  • Cuquenán River
  • Caris River
  • Aro River
  • Arisa River
  • Carapo River
  • Lake Maracaibo
  • Motatán River
  • Chama River
  • Escalante River
  • Catatumbo River
  • Zulia River
  • Pamplonita River (Colombia)
  • Táchira River
  • Tarra River
  • Tucuro River
  • Apón River
  • Palmar River
  • Lake Valencia
  • Tapatapa River or El Limon
  • Güey River
  • Turmero River
  • Aragua River
  • Tocorón River
  • Güigüe River
  • Caño Central
  • Cabriales River
  • Los Guayos River
  • Guacara River
  • Ereigue River
  • Cura River
  • Mariara River
  • Pao River
  • Guaicupa River
  • Cabrutica River
  • Mapire River
  • Caura River
  • Mato River
  • Erebato River
  • Merevarí River
  • Zuata River
  • Iguana River
  • Cuchivero River
  • Manapire River
  • Guariquito River
  • Mocapra River
  • Apure River
  • Guárico River
  • Orituco River
  • Memo River
  • Portuguesa River
  • Guanare River
  • Caño Guanaparo or Guanare Viejo
  • Bocono River
  • Tiznados River
  • Pao River
  • Cojedes River
  • San Carlos River
  • Tinaco River
  • Turbio River
  • Acarigua River
  • Quache River
  • Caucagua River
  • Masparro River
  • San Juan River
  • Guarapiche River
  • Caribbean Sea
  • Manzanares River
  • Neverí River
  • Aragua River
  • Unare River
  • Güere River
  • Tamanaco River
  • Guapo River
  • Tuy River
  • Capayo River
  • Aroa River
  • Yaracuy River
  • Tocuyo River
  • Hueque River
  • Monay River
  • Pedregal River
  • Maticora River
  • Limón River
  • Socuy River
  • Guasare River
  • Amana River


Lakes In Venezuela:

  • Lake Maracaibo
  • Guri Reservoir
  • Kettle Mucubají
  • Lake LeopoldoV
  • Lake Valencia

Famous Places:

  • Angel Falls
  • Los Roques Archipelago (Archipiélago Los Roques)
  • Isla de Margarita (Margarita Island)
  • Parque Nacional Morrocoy (Morrocoy National Park)
  • Canaima National Park and the Gran Sabana
  • Roraima
  • Orinoco Delta
  • Galipan
  • National Pantheon of Venezuela
  • Parque Nacional Los Médanos de Coro (Medanos de Coro National Park)

Natural Resources:

  • Petroleum
  • Natural gas,
  • Iron ore,
  • Gold,
  • Bauxite,
  • Diamonds

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

The main biomes of Venezuela can be divided into wooded areas; they comprise evergreen forests, dry forests, xerophilous forests and mangrove swamps, and not wooded areas; more commonly, Venezuela is comprised of wastelands, savannahs, dunes and salty plains.

Topography:

Venezuela’s topography can be divided into three broad elevation divisions:

  • The lowland plains, which rise from sea level to about 1,650 feet (500 metres),
  • The mountains, which reach elevations of some 16,400 feet (5,000 metres), and
  • The interior forested uplands, with scattered peaks above 6,550 feet (2,000 metres).

Oceans:

Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean

Islands:

  • Los Monjes archipelago‎
  • Los Roques archipelago‎
  • Caracas Islands
  • Islas Borrachas
  • Islas Chimanas
  • Píritu Islets

Mountain Ranges:

MountainRanges
Pico Bolívar
4,978
Pico Humboldt
4,940
Pico La Concha
4,922
Pico Bonpland
4,883
Pico Espejo
4,765
Pico El Toro
4,756
Pico The Lion
4,740
Pico Los Nevados
4,700
Pico Pan de Azucar
4,680
Pico Mucuñuque 4,670

States in Venezuela:

  • Amazonas
  • Anzoátegui
  • Apure
  • Aragua
  • Barinas
  • Bolívar
  • Carabobo
  • Cojedes
  • Delta Amacuro
  • Trujillo
  • Yaracuy
  • Zulia
  • Falcón
  • Guárico
  • La Guaira
  • Lara
  • Mérida
  • Miranda
  • Monagas
  • Nueva Esparta
  • Portuguesa
  • Sucre
  • Táchira

Facts about Venezuela:

  • The name of Venezuela comes from the Italian word “Veneziola”.
  • Venezuela is the 33rd largest country in the world with a total area of 916,445 square kilometers.
  • Venezuela is located on the northeast coast of South America.
  • The official language of Venezuela is Spanish.
  • The official currency of Venezuela is the Bolivar Fuerte.
  • Main exports of Venezuela include aluminum, steel, cement, and agriculture products.
  • Baseball is the most popular sport in Venezuela.
  • Christopher Columbus was the first European to find the Venezuela.
  • Electronics, chemicals, and food products are the major imports of Venezuela.
  • The country’s unemployment rate is around 8.1%.
  • 96% of the population of Venezuela are Roman Catholic.

Color Map.

All Other Maps.

See Also:

World Map

References:

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