Geography Of Argentina – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Argentina including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Argentina.

  • The geography of Argentina describes the geographic features of Argentina, a country located in Southern South America. Bordered by the Andes in the west and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, neighboring countries are Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.
  • In terms of area, Argentina is the second largest country of South America after Brazil, and the 8th largest country in the world. Its total area is 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi).
  • Argentina claims a section of Antarctica (Argentine Antarctica) that is subject to the Antarctic Treaty. Argentina also asserts claims to several British South Atlantic islands.

Geography Of Argentina

Geography Of Argentina


  • The Andes,
  • The North,
  • The Pampas, and
  • Patagonia.


Ranked 8th


Buenos Aires


4.49 crores

Bordering Countries:

  • Chile
  • Paraguay
  • Brazil
  • Bolivia
  • Uruguay

Total Size:

2,780,400 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

34 00 S, 64 00 W

World Region or Continent:

South America

General Terrain:

Rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border.

Geographical Low Point:

Salinas Chicas -40 m

Geographical High Point:

Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m


  • The north of the country, including latitudes in and below the Tropic of Capricorn, is characterized by very hot, wet summers with mild drier winters, and is subject to periodic droughts during the winter season.
  • Central Argentina has hot summers with tornadoes and thunderstorms, and cool winters.
  • The southern regions have warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall, especially in mountainous zones. Higher elevations at all latitudes experience cooler conditions.

Major cities:

  • Vicente Lopez
  • Buenos Aires
  • La Plata
  • Santa Fe
  • Cordoba
  • Mar del Plata
  • Corrientes
  • San Miguel de Tucuman
  • Salta
  • Rosario

Major Land forms:

  • Mesopotamia, the rainforest region in the northeast of the country
  • Gran Chaco, a hot lowland region that boasts the world’s tallest volcano, Ojos del Salado.
  • Pampas, a large area of flat plains, with the river Parana snaking through it.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers:

  • Paraná River
  • Paraguay River
  • Rio de la Plata
  • Uruguay River
  • Iguazu River

Major Lakes:

  • Aluminé Lake
  • Amutui Quimey Reservoir
  • Argentino Lake
  • Cami Lake
  • Cholila Lake
  • Laguna del Diamante
  • Espejo Lake
  • Correntoso Lake

Natural hazards:

San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the Pampas and northeast; heavy flooding.

Natural Resources:

  • Pampas,
  • Lead,
  • Zinc,
  • Tin,
  • Copper,
  • Iron ore,
  • Manganese,
  • Petroleum, and
  • Uranium

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

Subtropical rain forests, semi-arid and arid regions, temperate plains in the Pampas, and cold subantarctic in the south. However, despite the diversity of biomes, about two-thirds of Argentina is arid or semi-arid.

Maritime claims:

contiguous zone: 24 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin


  • Atlantic Ocean,
  • Pacific Ocean


  • Apipé, Isla
  • Apipé Chico, Isla
  • Arce, Isla
  • Blancas, Islas
  • Choele Choel Grande, Isla
  • Costa Brava, Isla
  • Curuzú Chalí, Isla
  • De Los Estados, Isla
  • Del Cerrito, Isla
  • Del Palo, Isla


  • Aconcagua (Mendoza)
  • Ojos del Salado (Catamarca)
  • Monte Pissis (La Rioja)
  • Cerro Bonete (La Rioja)
  • Llullaillaco (Salta)

Provinces of Argentina:

  • Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
  • Catamarca
  • Chaco
  • Chubut
  • Córdoba
  • Corrientes
  • Entre Ríos
  • Formosa
  • Jujuy
  • La Pampa
  • La Rioja
  • Mendoza
  • Misiones
  • Neuquén
  • Río Negro
  • Salta
  • San Juan
  • San Luis
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Fe
  • Santiago del Estero
  • Tierra del Fuego,
  • Tucumán

Facts about Argentina:

  1. Invented Radio Broadcasting
  2. Two female presidents
  3. Pato: Official National Sport in Argentina
  4. Eat Gnocchi on the 29th of each month
  5. Created first animated feature film

See Also:

World Map


Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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