Geography of Brazil – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Brazil including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Brazil.

  • Geography of Brazil. The country of Brazil occupies roughly half of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil covers a total area of 8,514,215 km2 (3,287,357 sq mi) which includes 8,456,510 km2 of land and 55,455 km2 (21,411 sq mi) of water. The highest point in Brazil is Pico da Neblina at 2,994 m (9,823 ft). Brazil is bordered by the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, and France.
  • Brazil occupies most of the eastern part of the South American continent and its geographic heartland, as well as various islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The only countries in the world that are larger are Russia, Canada, China, and the United States

Geography of Brazil

Geography of Brazil
Fig: Geography of Brazil (Wikipedia)


  • North Region.
  • Northeast Region.
  • Mid West Region.
  • Southeast Region.
  • South Region.
  • Ethnic composition of regions.


Ranked 5th


Rio de Janeiro


21.01 Crores

Bordering Countries:

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Colombia
  • French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Suriname
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

Total Size:

8,514,877 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

10 00 S, 55 00 W

World Region or Continent:

South America

General Terrain:

Coastal mountain ranges, vast central plateau (Planalto Central), remainder is primarily sedimentary basins.

Geographical Low Point:

Atlantic Ocean, 0 m (0 ft)

Geographical High Point:

Pico da Neblina 2,995.30 m (9,827 ft)


  • 90% of the country is within the tropical zone, the climate of Brazil varies considerably from the mostly tropical North (the equator traverses the mouth of the Amazon) to temperate zones below the Tropic of Capricorn (23°27′ S latitude), which crosses the country at the latitude of the city of São Paulo.
  • Brazil has five climatic regions:
    1. Equatorial,
    2. Tropical
    3. Semiarid
    4. Highland tropical, and
    5. subtropical.
  • Temperatures along the equator are high, averaging above 25 °C (77 °F), but not reaching the summer extremes of up to 40 °C (104 °F) in the temperate zones.
  • Temperatures in the cities of São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, and Brasília are moderate (usually between 15 and 30 °C or 59 and 86 °F), despite their relatively low latitude, because of their elevation of approximately 1,000 meters (3,281 ft).

Major cities:

  • Sao Paulo
  • Rio De Janeiro
  • Salvador
  • Brasilia
  • Fortaleza
  • Belo Horizonte
  • Manaus
  • Curitiba
  • Recife
  • Porto Alegre

Major Land forms:

  • Brazil’s physical features can be grouped into five main physiographic divisions: the Guiana Highlands in the North, the Amazon lowlands, the Pantanal in the Central-West, the Brazilian Highlands (including the extensive coastal ranges), and the coastal lowlands.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers:

  • Amazon River
  • Paraná River
  • Paraguay River
  • São Francisco River
  • Tocantins River
  • Uruguay River
  • Rio Negro
  • Xingu River
  • Madeira River
  • Tapajós
  • Tietê River

Major Lakes:

  • Agua Vermelha.
  • Araros Lake.
  • Baia de Caxiuana.
  • Balbina Lake.
  • Banabuiu Lake.
  • Bariri Reservoir.
  • Billings Reservoir.
  • Coari Lake.

Natural Hazards:

Recurring droughts in northeast; floods and occasional frost in south

Natural Resources:

  • Bauxite,
  • Gold,
  • Iron ore,
  • Manganese,
  • Nickel,
  • Phosphates,
  • Platinum,
  • Tin,
  • Uranium,
  • Petroleum,
  • Hydropower,and
  • Timber

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

Terrestrial biomes

  • Amazônia.
  • Cerrado.
  • Mata Atlântica.
  • Caatinga.
  • Pampa.
  • Pantanal.


The terrain of Brazil is mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and a narrow coastal belt. Approximately 60% of the Amazon rain forest is contained in Brazil, what comes to 3.300.


Atlantic Ocean


  • Fernando de Noronha
  • Rocas Atoll
  • Saint Peter and Paul Rocks
  • Trindade and Martim Vaz Islands


Mountain Ranges

Countries of Brazil:

  • Minas Gerais
  • Rio Grande do Sul
  • Bahia
  • São Paulo
  • Goiás
  • Paraná
  • Pará
  • Santa Catarina
  • Espirito Santo

Facts about Brazil:

  • Relatively recently discovered evidence suggests human settlement in Brazil began more than 30,000 years ago.
  • Brazil’s name comes from the pau-brasil, Portuguese for Brazil tree, the country’s national tree and a natural resource that played an important role in the economic development of the nation.
  • Brazil’s border touches all countries on the South American continent except Chile and Ecuador.
  • Brazil is the fifth-largest country in the world by land area and sixth-largest by population.
  • Brazil was the last country in the Americas to abolish slavery, in 1888.

See Also:

World Map


Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 0 comments

Leave a Reply: