Geography of Norfolk Islands – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021
Learn facts and Geography of Norfolk Islands including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Norfolk Islands.
- Norfolk Island is an external territory of Australia located in the Pacific Ocean between New Zealand and New Caledonia, 1,412 kilometers (877 mi) directly east of Australia’s Evans Head and about 900 kilometers (560 mi) from Lord Howe Island.
- The first known settlers in Norfolk Island were East Polynesians but they had already departed when Great Britain settled it as part of its 1788 settlement of Australia.
- The island served as a convict penal settlement from 6 March 1788 until 5 May 1855, except for an 11-year hiatus between 15 February 1814 and 6 June 1825, when it lay abandoned.
- Norfolk Island was uninhabited when first settled by Europeans, but evidence of earlier habitation was obvious. Archaeological investigation suggests that in the 13th or 14th century the island was settled by East Polynesian seafarers, either from the Kermadec Islands north of New Zealand, or from the North Island of New Zealand.
- The Territory of Norfolk Island is located in the South Pacific Ocean, east of the Australian mainland. Norfolk Island itself is the main island of the island group that the territory encompasses and is located at 29°02′S 167°57′E.
- Norfolk Island is part of the Interim Biogeographic Regionalization for Australia region “Pacific Subtropical Islands” (PSI), and forms sub region PSI02, with an area of 3,908 hectares (9,660 acres). The country is home to the Norfolk Island subtropical forests terrestrial ecoregion.
- Norfolk Island has 174 native plants; 51 of them are endemic. At least 18 of the endemic species are rare or threatened.
Geography of Norfolk Islands
Phillip Island and Nepean Island.
13.4 sq mi
World Region or Continent:
Geographical Low Point:
The South Pacific Ocean (0m).
Geographical High Point:
- Norfolk Island has a mid-latitude and marine subtropical climate. The temperature never falls below 6 °C (43 °F) or rises above 30 °C (86 °F).
- The absolute maximum recorded temperature is 28.4 °C (83.1 °F), while the absolute minimum is 6.2 °C (43.2 °F).
- Average annual precipitation is around 1,100 millimeter’s (43 in), with most rain falling from April to August. Other months receive significant amounts of precipitation as well.
Major Land forms:
Most of the island is a plateau formed from horizontal sheets of basalt.
Major Rivers and Lakes:
- The Gaywood,
- Little Ouse,
- Thet and
Major Geographical Features:
Most of the island is a plateau formed from horizontal sheets of basalt. The highest point rises to 319 meters above sea level at Mount Bates. The island is a mountain top remnant of an elongated shield volcano.
South Pacific Ocean
Norfolk Island is the main island.