Geography of Tunisia – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Tunisia including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Tunisia.

  • Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is the northernmost country in Africa.
  • Tunisia is home to Africa’s northernmost point, Cape Angela, and its capital and largest city is Tunis, located on its northeastern coast, which lends the country its name.
  • Tunisia was inhabited by the indigenous Berbers. Phoenicians began to arrive in the 12th century BC, establishing several settlements, of which Carthage emerged as the most powerful by the 7th century BC. A major mercantile empire and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC, who occupied Tunisia for most of the next 800 years, introducing Christianity and leaving architectural legacies like the amphitheater of El Jem.
  • Tunisia is well integrated into the international community. It is a member of the United Nations, La Francophonie, the Arab League, the OIC, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the International Criminal Court, and the Group of 77, among others. It maintains close economic and political relations with some European countries, particularly with France, and Italy, which geographically lie very close to it.
  • Tunisia also has an association agreement with the European Union, and has also attained the status of a major non-NATO ally of the United States.
  • The word Tunisia is derived from Tunis; a central urban hub and the capital of modern-day Tunisia.
  • Tunisia has great environmental diversity due to its north–south extent. Its east–west extent is limited.
  • Tunisia has a coastline 1,148 kilometres (713 mi) long. In maritime terms, the country claims a contiguous zone of 24 nautical miles (44 kilometres), and a territorial sea of 12 nautical miles (22 kilometres).

Geography of Tunisia

 Geography of Tunisia
Figure Map of Tunisia


Northern Africa


Ranked 93rd





Bordering Countries:

Tunisia is bounded by Algeria to the west and southwest, by Libya to the southeast, and by the Mediterranean Sea to the east and north.

Total Size:

163,610 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

34°00′N 9°00′E

World Region or Continent:


General Terrain:

Mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

Geographical Low Point:

-17 Meters

Geographical High Point:

Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m


  • Tunisia’s climate is hot-summer Mediterranean climate in the north, where winters are mild with moderate rainfall and summers are hot and dry.
  • Temperatures in July and August can exceed 40 °C (104 °F) when the tropical continental air mass of the desert reaches the whole Tunisia.
  • Winters are mild with temperatures rarely exceeding 20 °C (68 °F).
  • The south of the country is desert.

Major cities:

  • Tunis
  • Sfax
  • Sousse
  • Ettadhamen
  • Kairouan
  • Gabès
  • Bizerte
  • Aryanah
  • Gafsa
  • El Mourouj

Major Land forms:

  • In the north, Tunisia is mountainous, while the central part of the country features a dry plain. The southern part of Tunisia is semiarid and becomes arid desert closer to the Sahara Desert. Tunisia also has a fertile coastal plain called the Sahel along its eastern Mediterranean coast.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers:

  • Oued Zouara
  • Oued Sejenane
  • Oued Zitoun
  • Oued Joumine
  • Oued Tine
  • Oued Medjerda
  • Oued Siliana
  • Oued Tessa
  • Oued Mellègue
  • Oued Sarrath
  • Oued Miliane
  • Oued el Hamma

Major Lakes:

  • Bahiret el Bibane
  • Bou-Hedma National Park
  • Chott el Djerid
  • Chott el Fejej
  • Lac de Gafsa
  • Lake Ichkeul
  • Sebkha Kelbia
  • Sebkhet Cherita
  • Sebkhet de Sidi El Hani
  • Sebkhet el Kourzia
  • Shatt al Gharsah
  • Lake Tritonis
  • Lake of Tunis

Natural Resources:

  • Natural resources of Tunisia are petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

  • Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub


Tunisia is located between Algeria and Libya and has a varied topography. In the north, Tunisia is mountainous, while the central part of the country features a dry plain. The southern part of Tunisia is semiarid and becomes arid desert closer to the Sahara Desert.


Mediterranean Sea


  • Djerba
  • Plane Island
  • Zembra
  • Chergui
  • Galite Islands
  • Gharbi
  • Zembretta
  • Kneiss
  • Chikly
  • Pilau
  • Gremdi

Mountain Ranges:

  • Atlas Mountains
  • Jebel ech Chambi
  • Djebel Ressas
  • Djebel Zaghouan
  • Djebel Bouramli
  • Jebel Boukornine
  • djebel bireno
  • Jebel Harraba
  • Djebel Fkirine
  • Jugurtha Tableland
  • Djebel Chélia
  • Jebel Ichkeul

See Also:

World Map – The Ultimate Free Guide


Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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