Geography of Dominica – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Dominica including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Dominica.

  • Dominica, officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island country in the Caribbean.
  • The capital, Roseau, is located on the western side of the island.
  • It is geographically situated as part of the Windward Islands chain in the Lesser Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.
  • The island is surrounded by the French Republic with Guadeloupe to the northwest and Martinique to the south-southeast.
  • The island was settled by the Arawak arriving from South America in the 5th century.
  • The Kalinago displaced the Arawak by the 15th century.
  • Dominica has been nicknamed the “Nature Island of the Caribbean” for its natural environment.
  • It is the youngest island in the Lesser Antilles, and in fact it is still being formed by geothermal-volcanic activity, as evidenced by the world’s second-largest hot spring, called Boiling Lake.
  • Dominica first emerged from the sea during the Oligocene era approximately 26 million years ago, making it one of the last Caribbean islands to be formed by volcanic activity.
  • Dominica’s precolonial indigenous inhabitants were the Island Carib people, who are thought to have driven out the previous Arawak population.

Geography of Dominica

Geography of Dominica
Figure: Dominica Map


Caribbean Sea


751 km2





Bordering Countries:

Bordering countries are the French islands of Guadeloupe and Marie-Galante, to the north, and Martinique, to the south.

Total Size:

290 sq mi

Geographical Coordinates:

15°25′N 61°20′W

World Region or Continent:

North America

General Terrain:

  • Geographically, Dominica is distinctive in many ways. The country has one of the most rugged landscapes in the Caribbean, covered by a largely unexploited, multi-layered rain forest. It is also among the Earth’s most rain-drenched lands, and the water runoff forms cascading rivers and natural pools.

Geographical Low Point:

sea level

Geographical High Point:

Morne Diablotins



Major cities:

Major Cities

Major Land forms:

Major landforms.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major rivers and lakes

Famous Places:

famous Places

Natural Resources:

Natural Resources

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:








Mountain Ranges:

Mountain Ranges

Countries of Dominica:

Countries of Europe.

Facts about Dominca:

Facts about Europe.

See Also:

World Map – The Ultimate Guide


Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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