Geography of Fiji – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021
Learn facts and Geography of Fiji including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Samoa.
- Fiji is a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific, lying about 4,450 kilometers (2,765 mi) southwest of Honolulu and 1,770 km (1,100 mi) north of New Zealand. Of the 332 islands and 522 smaller islets making up the archipelago, about 106 are permanently inhabited.
- The total land size is 18,272 km2 (7,055 sq mi). It has the 26th largest Exclusive Economic Zone of 1,282,978 km2 (495,361 sq mi).
- Viti Levu, the largest island, covers about 57% of the nation’s land area, hosts the two official cities and most other major towns, such as Nausori, Vaileka, Ba, Tavua, Kororvou, Nasinu, and Nadi (the site of the international airport), and contains some 69% of the population.
- Both islands are mountainous, with peaks up to 1,300m rising abruptly from the shore, and covered with tropical forests.
- Fiji Television reported on 21 September 2006 that the Fiji Islands Maritime and Safety Administration (FIMSA), while reviewing its outdated maritime charts, had discovered the possibility that more islands could lie within Fiji’s Exclusive Economic Zone.
- More than half of Fiji’s population lives on the island coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centers. The interior is sparsely populated because of its rough terrain.
Geography of Fiji
Fiji is located about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand, and immediate neighbors include Vanuatu, Tonga, and Samoa.
World Region or Continent:
- Mostly mountains of volcanic origin, beaches A recent global remote sensing analysis suggested that there were 438km² of tidal flats in Fiji, making it the 49th ranked country in terms of tidal flat area
Geographical Low Point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m
Geographical High Point:
Mount Tomanivi 1,324 metres (4,344 ft)
- Fiji has a warm tropical climate perfect for beachside holidays. Maximum temperatures rarely move out of the 31°C (88°F) to 26°C (79°F) range all year round. Southeast trade winds from May to October bring dry weather and the rainy season runs from November to April.
Major Land forms:
The country’s distinct landforms include terrain covered with abundant rainforests and coastlines with beautiful beaches.
Major Rivers and Lakes:
- Wailevu River
- Lovoni River
- Somosomo Creek
- Tavoro Creek
- Waibula River
- Boda River
- Bua River
- Buca River
- Bucaisau River
- Dama River
- Ba River
- Dawasamu River
- Deuba River
The only significant brackish and saline lakes are Ngalongalo Lake, Ngasauva Salt Lagoon and Lake Ndrano on Vanua Levu, and a small marine lake on uaqava (Vuanggava) Island in the Lau Group.
Natural Resources are timber, fish, gold, copper and hydropower.
Major Geographical Features:
Biomes & Ecosystems:
Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
The larger Fiji islands are volcanic, with rugged peaks, and flatland where rivers have built deltas.
South Pacific Ocean
- Fiji Islands
- Lau Islands
- Lomaiviti Islands
- Yasawa Islands
- Mamanuca Islands
- Devo Peak
Provinces of Fiji :