Geography of Guinea – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

  • Guinea is the Republic of Guinea, is a coastal country in West Africa.
  • It was Formerly known as French Guinea, the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry, after its capital and largest city Conakry, to distinguish it from other countries with “Guinea” in the name and the eponymous region, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea.
  • Guinea has a population of 12.4 million and an area of 245,857 square kilometres (94,926 sq mi).
  • The sovereign state of Guinea is a republic with a president who is directly elected by the people; this position is both head of state and head of government. The unicameral Guinean National Assembly is the legislative body of the country, and its members are also directly elected by the people
  • Guinea is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population. Guinea’s people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups.

Geography of Guinea


Guinea Road Map Picture

Geography of Guinea
Fig:ontheworldmap.com

Region:

 African coast of West Africa 

Area:

245,857 km2

Capital:

Conakry

Population:

12,414,293

Bordering Countries:

  • Cameroon to the North and
  • Gabon to the East and south.
  • Near the coast are the small islands of Corisco and Great and Little Elobey.

Total Size:

(94,926 sq mi)

Geographical Coordinates:

9°31′N 13°42′W

World Region or Continent:

Africa

General Terrain:

It’s terrain is generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior.

  • Northernmost point – the northern section of the border with Senegal, Boké Region*.
  • Easternmost point – the confluence of the Gben river and the Férédougouba river on the border with Ivory Coast, Nzérékoré Region.
  • Southernmost point – unnamed location on the border with Liberia immediately south of the village of Gonon, Nzérékoré Region.
  • Westernmost point – Ile du Noufrage, Boké Region.
  • Westernmost point – the point at which the border with Guinea-Bissau enters the Rio Company estuary.

Geographical Low Point:

Atlantic Ocean (0 m)

Geographical High Point:

Mont Nimba (1,752 m)

Climate:

he coastal region of Guinea and most of the inland have a tropical climate, with a monsoonal-type rainy season lasting from April to November, relatively high and uniform temperatures, southwesterly winds, and high humidity.

Major cities:

  • Camayenne,
  • Conakry,
  • Nzérékoré ,
  • Kindia,
  • Kankan,
  • Gueckedou,
  • Coyah,
  • Labé,
  • Kissidougou,
  • Fria.

Major Land forms:

Guinea consists of four geographic regions:

  1. Lower Guinea,
  2. The Fouta Djallon,
  3. Upper Guinea, and
  4. The Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers:

  • Sénégal River
  • Gambia River.
  • Geba River.
  • Kogon River
  • Nunez River.
  • Kitali River
  • Pongo River.
  • Konkouré River.

Major Lakes:

There are no major lakes in Guinea.

GDP (PPP):

2020 estimate

Natural Resources:

  • Guinea has abundant natural resources, including 25% or more of the world’s known bauxite reserves.
  • Guinea also has diamonds, gold, and other metals.
  • Guinea has great potential for hydroelectric power. Currently, bauxite and alumina are the only major exports. Other industries include processing plants for beer, juices, soft drinks and tobacco.
  • Agriculture employs 80% of the nation’s labor force. Under French rule, and at the beginning of independence, Guinea was a major exporter of bananas, pineapples, coffee, peanuts, and palm oil.

Major Geographical Features:

Oceans:

Atlantic Ocean

Islands:

  • Orango
  • New Guinea
  • Bubaque
  • Roxa
  • Orangozinho
  • Unhacomo
  • Ilha de Uno
  • Bioko
  • Rubane
  • Carache
  • Bolama Island

Mountain Ranges:

  • Mount Richard-Molard
  • Mount Loura
  • Mount Wilhelm
  • Mount Wuteve
  • Mount Bangeta
  • Mount Giluwe
  • Puncak Jaya
  • Mount Albert Edward, Papua New Guinea
  • Mount Kubor

Facts about Guinea:

  • Guinea has been inhabited for at least 30,000 years by hunter-gather- populations. Farming has been practised there for around 3,000 years.
  • Guinea used to be part of the Empire of Mali, which covered a large area of western Africa between the 13th and 15th centuries.
  • The region was also where the name “guinea” for the British gold coin originated as significant quantities of gold was sourced from the area.
  • Three major West African rivers rise in Guinea: the Gambia, Niger and Sénégal.

Administrative Map of Guinea

Administrative Map of Guinea
Fig:ontheworldmap.com

Guinea Location on World Map

Guinea Location on World Map
Fig:ontheworldmap.com

See Also:

World Map

References:

UPSC Overflow
 

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