Geography of Ghana – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

  • Ghana is the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa. It spans the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean to the south, sharing borders with the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, and Togo in the east.
  • Ghana is a multinational state, home to a variety of ethnic, linguistic and religious groups, while the Akan are the largest ethnic group, they constitute only a plurality.
  • The vast majority of Ghanaian’s are Christian (71.2%), with close to a fifth being Muslim and a tenth practicing traditional faiths or reporting no religion.
  • Ghana is a unitary constitutional democracy led by a president who is both head of state and head of government.

Geography of Ghana


Geography of Ghana
Fig:ontheworldmap.com

Region:

  • Ashanti,
  • Brong-Ahafo,
  • Central,
  • Eastern
  • Greater Accra,
  • Northern,
  • Upper East,
  • Upper West,
  • Volta,
  • Western.

Area:

Ranked 82nd

Capital:

Accra

Population:

31,072,940

Bordering Countries:

  • Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) to the west,
  • Burkina Faso to the north,
  • Togo to the east, and
  • The Gulf of Guinea to the south.

Total Size:

238,533 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

8°00′N 2°00′W

World Region or Continent:

Africa

General Terrain:

  • The terrain consists of small desert mountains with the Kwahu Plateau in the south-central area. Half of Ghana lies less than 152 meters (499 ft) above sea level, and the highest point is 883 meters (2,897 ft).

Geographical Low Point:

Atlantic Ocean, 0 m

Geographical High Point:

Mount Afadja, 885 m

Climate:

  • The climate of Ghana is tropical and there are two main seasons: the wet and the dry seasons.
  • North Ghana experiences its rainy season from April to mid-October while South Ghana experiences its rainy season from March to mid-November.
  • The tropical climate of Ghana is relatively mild for its latitude.
  • The harmattan, a dry desert wind, blows in north-east Ghana from December to March, lowering the humidity and causing hotter days and cooler nights in northern part of Ghana.

Major cities:

  • Accra,
  • Kumasi,
  • Tamale,
  • Takoradze,
  • Achiaman,
  • Tema,
  • Cape Coast,
  • Sekondi-Takoradi,
  • Obuase,
  • Medina Estates,
  • Koforidua,
  • Japekrom.

Major Land forms:

Major land forms in Ghana are

  • Mount Afadjato,
  • The Volta Delta,
  • The Accra Plains,
  • The Akan Lowlands,
  • The Kwahu Plateau.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers:

  • Bia River
  • Tano River
  • Nini River
  • Ankobra River
  • Pra River
  • Ofin River
  • Birim River
  • Anum River
  • Ayensu River
  • Densu River

Major Lakes:

  • Volta
  • Bosumtwi

Famous Places:

  • Kakum National Park
  • Labadi Beach
  • Cape Coast
  • Elmina Castle
  • Lake Bosomtwe
  • Wli Waterfalls
  • Lakeside Marina Park
  • The Manhyia Palace
  • Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park and Mausoleum
  • Kumasi Zoological Gardens

Natural Resources:

  • Timber,
  • Gold,
  • Diamonds,
  • Bauxite,
  • Manganese, and
  • Oil.

Major Geographical Features:

Terrain of Ghana:

The terrain consists of small desert mountains with the Kwahu Plateau in the south-central area. Half of Ghana lies less than 152 meters (499 ft) above sea level, and the highest point is 883 meters (2,897 ft). The 537 kilometers (334 mi) coastline is mostly a low, sandy shore backed by plains and scrub and intersected by several rivers and streams, most of which are navigable only by canoe.

Oceans:

south Atlantic Ocean 

Islands:

  • Bobowasi Island,
  • Kporve
  • Dodi Island

Mountain Ranges:

  • Mont Yaouatoutou
  • Mount Afadja
  • Avegadje
  • Mont Dodokagbané
  • Ejuanema Mountain
  • Atiwiredu
  • Mont Tibabéné
  • Djebobo
  • Mlabo
  • Mont Edouka

Metropolitan Areas of Ghana:

  • Accra
  • Kumasi
  • Tamale
  • Sekondi-Takoradi
  • Sunyani
  • Cape Coast
  • Obuasi
  • Teshie
  • Tema
  • Koforidua

Facts about Ghana:

  • Ghana has a space program; it launched a satellite, GhanaSat-1. and was successfully developed by students at the All Nations University, based in Koforidua. They sent it into orbit from the International Space Station, in 2017.
  • Ghana gets its name from the medieval empire of West Africa. The name of the Empire was Wagadugu.
  • Ghana thrives in the world of cocoa production. It is the main agricultural export of the country. They are second only to the Ivory Coast, which also makes them the second-largest cocoa exporter on the planet.
  • Ghana is also the second-largest producer of gold in Africa. In fact, before 1957, Ghana was commonly known as the Gold Coast because of its availability of gold along the rivers Ankobra and Volta.
  • Lake Volta, found in the Volta Region of Ghana is known as the world’s biggest man-made lake. It is an impressive 250 miles long and covers no fewer than 3,283 square miles – this is a total of 3.6% of Ghana’s entire country!

Color Map.

See Also:

World Map

References:

ontheworldmap.com

agape-volunteers.com

UPSC Overflow
 

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