Geography of Niger – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

  • Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River.

Geography of Niger


Geography of Niger
Fig:ontheworldmap.com

Region:

Western Africa

Area:

Ranked 22nd

Capital:

Niger

Population:

2.33 crores

Bordering Countries:

Total Size:

1,266,700 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

16 00 N, 8 00 E

World Region or Continent:

Africa

General Terrain:

Niger’s climate is largely hot and dry, with most of the country in a desert region. The terrain is predominantly desert plains and sand dunes. There are also large plains in the south and hills in the north. In the extreme south, there is a tropical climate near the edges of the Niger River Basin.

Geographical Low Point:

Niger River 200 m

Geographical High Point:

Mont Bagzane 2,022 m

Climate:

Desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south.

Major cities:

  • Niamey
  • Zinder
  • Maradi
  • Tahoua
  • Agadez
  • Arlit
  • Dosso
  • Dogondoutchi
  • Birni-N’Konni
  • Tessaoua

Coastline:

0 km (landlocked)

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers: The Niger

Major Lakes: Lake Debo.

Natural hazards:

Recurring droughts

Natural Resources:

  • Uranium,
  • Coal,
  • Iron ore,
  • Tin,
  • Phosphates,
  • Gold, and
  • Petroleum

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

  • Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands.
  • Flooded grasslands and savannas.
  • Deserts and xeric shrublands.
  • Nilo-Sudan.

Topography:

The Sahara Desert landscape, which covers about 65 percent of Niger, is made up of endless stretches of shifting sand dunes and broad gravel and stony plains.

Oceans:

The Atlantic Ocean

Mountain Ranges:

  • Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès
  • Zuma Rock
  • Mont Gréboun
  • Taghmert

Cities and towns of Niger:

  • Aderbissinat
  • Aouderas
  • Assamakka
  • Assodé
  • Bilma
  • Dabaga
  • Fachi
  • Iferouane
  • In-Gall
  • Madama
  • Tegguiada In Tessoum
  • Timia
  • Arlit
  • Koulikoira
  • Goudoumaria
  • Bosso
  • Chétimari
  • N’gourti
  • Kabléwa
  • Nguel beyli
  • Gueskérou
  • Nguigmi
  • Dogondoutchi
  • Gaya
  • Koré Maïroua
  • Galmi
  • Guidan Roumji
  • Mayahi
  • Kakassi
  • Akoubounou
  • Bouza
  • Dabnou
  • Korahane
  • Malbaza Uzine
  • Tchin-Tabaraden
  • Galmi
  • Ayourou
  • Baleyara
  • Bani-Bangou
  • Diagorou
  • Karma
  • Matankari
  • Ouallam
  • Tera

References:

Wikipedia

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