Geography of Papua New Guinea- The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Papua New Guinea including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Papua New Guinea.

  • The geography of Papua New Guinea describes the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, the islands of New Ireland, New Britain and Bougainville, and smaller nearby islands.
  • Together these make up the nation of Papua New Guinea in tropical Oceania, located in the western edge of the Pacific Ocean.

Geography of Papua New Guinea

Geography of Papua New Guinea
Fig: Geography of Papua New Guinea Wikipedia
  • Papua New Guinea is largely mountainous, and much of it is covered with tropical rainforest.
  • The New Guinea Highlands run the length of New Guinea, and the highest areas receive snowfall—a rarity in the tropics.
  • Papua New Guinea has one land border—that which divides the island of New Guinea. Across the 820 km (509 mi) border is the Papua province of Indonesia, which contains most of the western half of the island.
  • Papua New Guinea’s border with Indonesia is not straight; the border loops slightly to the west along the Fly River in the south-central part of New Guinea, on the western edge of Papua New Guinea’s Western Province.
  • There are maritime borders with Australia to the south and Solomon Islands to the southeast.




Ranked 54th


Port Moresby


89.5 lakhs

Bordering Countries:

Its neighbors include Indonesia to the west, Australia to the south and Solomon Islands to the south-east.

Total Size:

462,840 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

6°00′S 147°00′E

World Region or Continent:

Pacific Ocean

General Terrain:

Papua New Guinea is largely mountainous, and much of it is covered with tropical rainforest

Geographical Low Point:

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point:

Mount Wilhelm 4,509 metres (14,793 ft)


  • Tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October);
  • slight seasonal temperature variation. In lower altitudes, the temperature is around 80 °F (27 °C) year round. But higher altitudes are a constant 70 °F (21 °C),[4] and the highest altitudes, especially of Mount Wilhelm and Mount Giluwe, can see snow.

Major cities:

  • Port Moresby
  • Lae
  • Arawa
  • Mount Hagen
  • Madang
  • Wewak
  • Goroka
  • Kokopo
  • Popondetta
  • Aitape
  • Rabaul
  • Hanuabada Village
  • Kimbe
  • Tabubil
  • Wabag*
  • Rabaul
  • Daru*
  • Kavieng*
  • Alotau*
  • Vanimo*
  • Bulolo
  • Kiunga
  • Tari
  • Kundiawa*
  • Mendi*
  • Kainantu
  • Lorengau*
  • Ialibu
  • Kerema*
  • Ningerum
  • Wau

Major Land forms:

Much of the country is dominated by rugged mountains, rainforests, coral atolls and river systems. The mainland is distinguished by the central highland mountain range (Central Cordillera) that rises to over 4,000 meters reaching the highest point at Mount Wilhelm (14,793 ft or 4,509 m) in the Bismarck range.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major rivers:

  • Dimir River.
  • Malas River.
  • Kaukombar River.
  • Kumil River.
  • Numagen River.
  • Omosa River.
  • Kokun River.
  • Gum River.
  • Abede River
  • Afai River
  • Ajova River
  • Arafundi River
  • Arai River
  • Aramia River
  • Aroa River
  • Asaro River
  • Atara River
  • Ateltem River
  • Atob River

Major Lakes:

  • Blackwater Lakes
  • Lake Bune
  • Chambri Lakes
  • Lake Iviva
  • Lahala Lake
  • Lake Egari

Natural Resources:

Natural Resources are crude oil, natural gas, timber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, gold, copper, silver, nickel, and cobalt.

Major Geographical Features:


The topography of PNG is among the most rugged in the world, with altitudes of over 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). Papua New Guinea consists of a great crest of mountains, jutting from the sea to altitudes over 15000 feet, surrounded by slopes and valleys.


Pacific Ocean


Malay Archipelago

Mountain Ranges:

  • Puncak Jaya
  • Mandala
  • Trikora
  • Ngga Pilimsit
  • Yamin
  • Cornelis Speelman Mts
  • Mt Wilhelm / Enduwa Kombuglu

Provinces of Papua New Guinea :

  •  Central
  •  Chimbu (Simbu)
  •  Eastern Highlands
  •  East New Britain
  •  East Sepik
  •  Enga
  •  Gulf
  •  Madang
  •  Manus
  •  Milne Bay
  •  Morobe
  •  New Ireland
  •  Oro (Northern)
  •  Southern Highlands
  •  Western (Fly)
  •  Western Highlands
  •  West New Britain
  •  Sandaun (West Sepik)
  •  National Capital District
  •  Hela
  •  Jiwaka

See Also:

World Map

Web References:

Wikipedia- Geography of Papua New Guinea

Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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