Geography of Republic of the Congo – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Republic of the Congo including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Republic of the Congo.

  • The Republic of the Congo also known as Congo-Brazzaville, the Congo Republic or simply either Congo or the Congo, is a country located in the western coast of Central Africa.
  • The country is bordered to the west by Gabon, to its northwest by Cameroon and its northeast by the Central African Republic, to the southeast by the DR Congo, to its south by the Angolan exclave of Cabinda and to its southwest by the Atlantic Ocean.
  • French is the official language of the Republic of the Congo.
  • The region was dominated by Bantu-speaking tribes at least 3,000 years ago, who built trade links leading into the Congo River basin.
  • Congo was formerly part of the French colony of Equatorial Africa.
  • The Republic of the Congo is a member of the African Union, the United Nations, La Francophonie, the Economic Community of Central African States, and the Non-Aligned Movement.
  • It has become the fourth-largest oil producer in the Gulf of Guinea, providing the country with a degree of prosperity despite political and economic instability in some areas and unequal distribution of oil revenue nationwide.
  • The Republic of the Congo is named after the Congo River, whose name is derived from Kongo, a Bantu kingdom which occupied its mouth around the time of its discovery by the Portuguese in 1483 or 1484.

Geography of Republic of the Congo

Geography of Republic of the Congo
Figure: Geography of Republic of the Congo




342,000 km2

Official languages:




Bordering Countries:

  • it is bordered by the Angolan exclave of Cabinda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north and west, the Central African Republic and Cameroon to the north and Gabon to the west.

Total Size:

132,000 sq mi

Geographical Coordinates:

4°16′S 15°17′E

World Region or Continent:


General Terrain:

The terrain is a variation of coastal plains, mountainous regions, plateaus and fertile valleys. About 70 percent of the country’s area is covered by rain forest. The highest point, at 1,020 m, is Mont Nabeba in the Mayumbe mountains.

Geographical Low Point:

Atlantic Ocean

Geographical High Point:

Mont Nabemba


  • Congo is a tropical nation, which means it has a tropical climate. The wet season lasts from March to June and the dry season for the rest of the year. Temperature and humidity are high as in all tropical nations. The rivers of the country are flooded seasonally.

Major cities:

Major Cities

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major rivers:

  • Ogooué River
  • Ngounie River
  • Ivindo River
  • Djadie River
  • Djoua River
  • Aïna River
  • Letili River
  • Nyanga River
  • Kouilou-Niari River
  • Louésse River
  • Chiloango River
  • Congo River
  • Djoué River
  • Lefini River
  • Nkéni River
  • Alima River
  • Lékéti River
  • Likouala-Mossaka
  • Kouyou River
  • Lengoué River
  • Mambili River
  • Sangha River
  • Dja River (Ngoko River)
  • Likouala-aux-Herbes
  • Ubangi River
  • Motaba River
  • Ibenga River

Natural Resources:

Natural resources include

  • Petroleum,
  • Timber,
  • Potash,
  • Lead,
  • Zinc,
  • Uranium,
  • Copper,
  • Phosphates,
  • Gold,
  • Magnesium,
  • Natural gas, and
  • Hydropower.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests


The country’s major topographical features include a large river basin, a major valley, high plateaus, three mountain ranges, and a low coastal plain


Atlantic Ocean



Mountain Ranges:

  • Mount Stanley
  • Mount Emin
  • Karisimbi
  • Mikeno

Departments of Republic of the Congo:

  • Kouilou
  • Niari
  • Lékoumou
  • Bouenza
  • Pool
  • Plateaux
  • Cuvette
  • Cuvette-Ouest
  • Sangha
  • Likouala
  • Brazzaville
  • Pointe-Noire

See Also:

World Map – The Ultimate Guide


Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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