Geography of Samoa – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of Samoa including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in Samoa.

  • Samoa officially the Independent State of Samoa and until 1997 known as Western Samoa, is a Polynesian island country consisting of two main islands, two smaller, inhabited islands, and several smaller, uninhabited islands, including the Aleipata Islands.
  • The Lapita people discovered and settled the Samoan Islands around 3,500 years ago. They developed a Samoan language and Samoan cultural identity.
  • Samoa is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.
  • The sovereign state is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Western Samoa was admitted to the United Nations on 15 December 1976

Geography of Samoa

Geography of Samoa
Image source: Wikipedia


Polynesian region


2,842 km2





Bordering Countries:

The island territory shares maritime borders with Samoa, Tonga, Cook Islands , Niue, and Tokelau.



Geographical Coordinates:

13°50′S 171°45′W

World Region or Continent:


General Terrain:

The terrain of the larger islands consists of a narrow coastal plains with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in the interior.

Geographical Low Point:

No Lowest Point

Geographical High Point:

Mt. Silisili


The Sāmoan archipelago is frequently hit by tropical cyclones between November and April.Samoa has an equatorial climate, with an average annual temperature of 26.5 °C and a main rainy season from November to April, although heavy rain may fall in any month

Major cities:

  • Apia  , Tuamasaga
  • Asau  , Vaisigano
  • Mulifanua  , Aiga-i-le-Tai
  • Faleula,
  • Siusega,
  • Malie  , Tuamasaga
  • Fasito‘outa  , A’ana
  • Vaiusu  , Tuamasaga
  • Afega  , Tuamasaga
  • Nofoali‘i  , A’ana
  • Solosolo  , Atua
  • Vailima  , Tuamasaga

Major Land forms:

The topography of Samoa consists mainly of coastal plains but the interior of Sava’i and Upolu have rugged volcanic mountains. The climate of Samoa is tropical and as such it has mild to warm temperatures year-round. Samoa also has a rainy season from November to April and a dry season from May to October

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers:

  • Lata River
  • Maliolio River
  • Sili River
  • Afulilo River
  • Fagataloa River
  • Falefa River
  • Falevai River
  • Fululasau River
  • Leafe River
  • Malata River
  • Mulivai River
  • Mulivaifagatola River
  • Namo River
  • Tafitoala River
  • Vailima River
  • Vaisigano River

Major Lakes:

  • Crater Lake
  • Faimuliuai Lake
  • Lake Fiti
  • Lake Namo
  • Pala “Mud” Lake
  • Pala Lagoon
  • To Sua Ocean Trench Lake
  • Lake Olomaga
  • Red Lake

Natural Resources:

The Natural resources include

  • Hardwood forests,
  • Fish, and
  • Hydro power.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests


Pacific Ocean


Samoan Islands

Mountain Ranges:

  • Silisili
  • Mount Vaea
  • Lata Mountain
  • Rainmaker Mountain
  • Ofu-Olosega
  • Mount ‘Alava
  • Vailulu’u

Districts of Samoa:

  • Tuamasaga
  • A’ana
  • Aiga-i-le-Tai
  • Atua
  • Va’a-o-Fonoti
  • Fa’asaleleaga
  • Gaga’emauga
  • Gaga’ifomauga
  • Vaisigano
  • Satupa’itea
  • Palauli

Geography of Samoa

See Also:

World Map


Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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