Geography of Senegal – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

  • Senegal is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest.
  • Senegal nearly surrounds The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal’s southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country. Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde.
  • Senegal’s economic and political capital is Dakar.

Geography of Senegal

Map of Senegal With Cities and Town

Map of Senegal With Cities and Town


  • Dakar
  • Ziguinchor
  • Diourbel
  • Saint-Louis
  • Tambacounda
  • Kaolack
  • Thiès
  • Louga
  • Fatick
  • Kolda
  • Matam
  • Kaffrine
  • Kédougou
  • Sédhiou


196,712 km2





Bordering Countries:

 Senegal is bordered by Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Gambia and Guinea-Bissau.

Water :


Geographical Coordinates:

14°40′N 17°25′W

World Region or Continent:


General Terrain:

Generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in the southeast.

Geographical Low Point:

The lowest point in Senegal is the Atlantic Ocean

Geographical High Point:

The highest point is an unnamed feature 2.7 km southeast of Nepen Diakha at 648 m (2,126 ft).


  • Tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind.
  • Dry and humid seasons result from northeast winter winds and southwest summer winds.
  • Interior temperatures are higher than along the coast .

Major cities:

  • Dakar
  • Pikine
  • Touba
  • Thies
  • Thies Nones
  • Saint-Louis
  • Kaolack
  • Ziguinchor
  • Tiébo
  • Tambacounda
  • Mbaké
  • Louga

Major Land forms:

  • Agriculture is one of the dominant parts of Senegal’s economy. Even though Senegal lies within the drought-prone Sahel region, only about 5 percent of the land irrigated, thus Senegal continues to rely on rain-fed agriculture.
  • Agriculture occupies about 75 percent of the workforce. Despite a relatively wide variety of agricultural production, the majority of farmers produce for subsistence needs.
  • Millet, rice, corn, and sorghum are the primary food crops grown in Senegal.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers:

  • Sénégal River
  • Vallée du Ferlo
  • Tiângol Lougguéré
  • Vallée de Mboune
  • Doué River
  • Falémé River
  • Saloum River
  • Sine River
  • Gambia River
  • Sandougou River
  • Koulountou River
  • Niéri Ko
  • Mayél Samou
  • Niokolo Koba
  • Geba River (Kayanga River)
  • Casamance River
  • Cool River

Major Lakes:

  • Lac de Guiers
  • Lake Retba

Famous Places:

  • Dakar
  • Goree Island
  • Pink Lake
  • St. Louis
  • Ziguinchor
  • Popenguine
  • Saloum Delta National Park
  • Senegal River
  • Casamance
  • Touba

Natural Resources:

  • Fish,
  • Peanuts,
  • Phosphate,
  • Iron ore,
  • Gold,
  • Titanium.
  • Agricultural and fish processing,
  • Phosphate mining,
  • Fertilizer production,
  • Petroleum refining,
  • Construction materials.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

Senegal has a number of vegetation zones: sahel, Sahel-Sudan, Sudan (region), Sudan-Guinea, tropical rainforest, and Guinean mangroves. Most of the southern Casamance arm of the country has been classified by the World Wildlife Fund as part of the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic ecoregion.


Senegal is fairly flat, and is drained by several large rivers, including the Gambia and the Senegal. Its geological structure is a sedimentary basin of sandstones covered by more recent wind and water deposited sediments, and intermittent plateaus capped with lateritic hard pan.


Atlantic Ocean


  • Île de Gorée
  • Ile de Madeleine
  • Carabane
  • Morfil
  • Diogue
  • Mar Lodj
  • Île de Guior

Mountain Ranges:

  • Sambaya
  • Inndia
  • Nion Médina
  • Toukanaya
  • Bansifara
  • Kounsédilé
  • Sandoundou
  • Kodi Kourou
  • Bodiara
  • Niamako

Regions of Senegal:

  • Dakar,
  • Diourbel,
  • Fatick,
  • Kaffrine,
  • Kaolack,
  • Kédougou,
  • Kolda,
  • Louga,
  • Matam,
  • Saint-Louis,
  • Sédhiou,
  • Tambacounda,
  • Thiès, and
  • Ziguinchor.

Physical Map of Senegal

Geography of Senegal

Senegal Location on World Map

Senegal Location on World Map

See Also:

World Map


Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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