Geography of Sudan – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

In this article we will learn about Geography of Sudan.

  • Sudan is officially the Republic of the Sudan, is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.
  • Sudan’s history goes back to the Pharaonic period, witnessing the Kingdom of Kerma (c. 2500–1500 BC), the subsequent rule of the Egyptian New Kingdom (c. 1500 BC–1070 BC) and the rise of the Kingdom of Kush (c. 785 BC–350 AD), which would in turn control Egypt itself for nearly a century.
  • After the fall of Kush, the Nubians formed the three Christian kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia, with the latter two lasting until around 1500. Between the 14th and 15th centuries, much of Sudan was settled by Arab nomads.
  • Northern Sudan, lying between the Egyptian border and Khartoum, has two distinct parts, the desert and the Nile Valley.
  • To the east of the Nile lies the Nubian Desert; to the west, the Libyan Desert

Geography of Sudan

Category:

Federated state

Area:

22,140 km2

Capital:

Khartoum

Population:

44,909,353

Bordering Countries:

  • It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.
  • Total Size:

    1,886,068 km2

    Geographical Coordinates:

    15°00′N 30°00′E

    World Region or Continent:

    Africa

    General Terrain:

    Northern Sudan, lying between the Egyptian border and Khartoum, has two distinct parts, the desert and the Nile Valley. To the east of the Nile lies the Nubian Desert; to the west, the Libyan Desert. They are similar—stony, with sandy dunes drifting over the landscape.

    Geographical Low Point:

    Red Sea 0 m

    Geographical High Point:

    Kinyeti 3,187 m

    Climate:

    Sudan has a tropical climate. Summer temperatures often exceed 43.3 degrees Celsius (110 degrees Fahrenheit) in the desert zones, and rainfall is negligible. Dust storms frequently occur in desert zone. High temperatures also occur in the south throughout the central plains region, but the humidity is generally low. In Khartoum the average annual temperature is about 26, 7° Celsius (80° Fahrenheit); and annual rainfall, most of which occurs between mid-June and September, is about 254 mm (about 10 inch).

    Major cities:

    • Omdurman
    • Khartoum
    • Khartoum North
    • Nyala
    • Port Sudan
    • El-Obeid
    • Kassala
    • Wad Madani
    • El-Gadarif
    • Al-Fashir

    Major Land forms:

    • Ras Kasar
    • Tagabo Hills
    • Wadi Abu Dom

    Major Rivers and Lakes:

    Major Rivers:

    • Nile
    • White Nile
    • Blue Nile
    • Atbarah
    • Bahr al-Arab
    • Barka
    • Tekeze
    • Dinder
    • Mareb
    • Angereb

    Major Lakes :

    Lake Nasser, also called Lake Nubia, reservoir on the Nile River, in Upper Egypt and northern Sudan. It was created by the impounding of the Nile’s waters by the Aswan High Dam, which was built in the 1960s and dedicated in 1971.

    Natural Resources:

    Sudan’s natural resources are natural gas, gold, silver, chromite, manganese, gypsum, mica, zinc, iron, lead, uranium, copper, kaolin, cobalt, granite, nickel, tin, and aluminum offer significant economic potential.

    Major Geographical Features:

    Biomes & Ecosystems:

    Biomes.

    Topography:

    Topography

    Oceans:

    Oceans

    Islands:

    Islands

    Mountain Ranges:

    Mountain Ranges

    Countries of Sudan:

    Countries of Europe.

    Facts about Sudan:

    Facts about Europe.

    Color Map.

    All Other Maps.

    See Also:

    World Map

    References:

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