Geography of Togo – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

  • Togo is a small Sub-Saharan state, comprising a long strip of land in West Africa. Togo’s geographic coordinates are a latitude of 8° north and a longitude of 1°10′ east.
  • Togo is commonly divided into six geographic regions. In the south are low-lying sandy beaches. The coastal region is narrow and followed by tidal flats and shallow lagoons. There are also a number of lakes, the largest of which is Lake Togo.
  • The country consists primarily of two savanna plains regions separated by a southwest–northeast range of hills (the Chaîne du Togo). In the north lies the Ouatchi Plateau. This plateau is about 30 kilometres (19 mi) wide and located at an altitude of 60 to 90 metres (197 to 295 ft) above sea level.

Geography of Togo

Geography of Togo
Fig:ontheworldmap.com

Region:

  • Centrale
  • Kara
  • Maritime
  • Plateaux
  • Savanes

Area:

56,785 km2

Capital:

Lomé

Population:

8,608,444

Bordering Countries:

  • Ghana to the west,
  • Burkina Faso to the north, and
  • Benin to the east.

Total Size:

21,925 sq mi.

Geographical Coordinates:

6°8′N 1°13′E

World Region or Continent:

Africa

General Terrain:

Gently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes.

Geographical Low Point:

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point:

Mont Agou 986 m

Climate:

The climate is generally tropical with average temperatures ranging from 27.5 °C (81.5 °F) on the coast to about 30 °C (86 °F) in the northernmost regions, with a dry climate and characteristics of a tropical savanna. To the south there are two seasons of rain (the first between April and July and the second between,even though the average rainfall is very high. The climate is tropical and humid for seven months while the dry desert winds of the harmatten blow south from November to March, bringing cooler weather.

Major cities:

  • Lomé
  • Sokodé
  • Kara
  • Kpalimé
  • Atakpamé
  • Bassar
  • Tsévié
  • Aného
  • Mango
  • Dapaong
  • Tchamba
  • Kpagouda
  • Niamtougou
  • Bafilo
  • Notsé
  • Sotouboua
  • Vogan
  • Badou
  • Biankouri
  • Tabligbo
  • Kandé
  • Amlamé
  • Galangachi

Natural Hazards:

Hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major rivers:

  • Todzie River
  • Oti River (Pendjari River)
  • Arli River
  • Doubodo River
  • Moribonga River
  • Mo River
  • Katassou River
  • Kara River
  • Kpasa River
  • Koumongou River
  • Koulpélogo River
  • Rivière River
  • Singou River
  • Toubili River
  • Mono River
  • Amou River
  • Amoutchou River
  • Oulou River
  • Anie River
  • Couffo River
  • Gbaga Canal
  • Lake Togo
  • Haho River
  • Sio River
  • Khra River
  • Nokpoué River
  • Nymassila
  • Ogou River
  • Zio River

Natural Resources:

  • Phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

  • Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests.
  • Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands.
  • Mangrove.
  • Nilo-Sudan.
  • Gulf of Guinea.

Topography:

With the exception of the Atacora Mountain range, Togo’s topography is one of gently rolling hills, shallow valleys, and two large alluvial plains. The chaîne de l’Atacora (FA – Atacora range), where natural forest and savanna landscapes can still be found, cuts diagonally across the central part of the country.

Oceans:

North Atlantic Ocean.

Maritime claims::

Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 30 NM

Regions of Togo:

  • Savanes,
  • Kara,
  • Centrale,
  • Plateaux and
  • Maritime.

Independence:

27 April 1960

See Also:

World Map.

References:

Wikipedia

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