Geography of Algeria – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

In this article we will learn about Algeria and Geography of Algeria.

  • Algeria is a country in North Africa.
  • Algeria or Al-Jazair may also refer to: Zirid dynasty a Berber dynasty originating from Algeria, which built the modern city of Algiers.
  • Kingdom of Tlemcen an Algerian-Zenata kingdom.
  • Regency of Algiers, a north African state.
  • French Algeria, a French colony in modern-day.
  • Algeria, West Virginia, an unincorporated community in the United States.
  • 1213 Algeria, an asteroid.
  • Algeria is a semi-presidential republic, with local constituencies consisting of 58 provinces and 1,541 communes. Algeria is a regional power in North Africa, and a middle power in global affairs. It has the highest Human Development Index of all non-island African countries and one of the largest economies on the continent, based largely on energy exports.

Geography of Algeria


Region:

North Africa

Area:

Ranked 10th

Capital:

Algiers

Population:

44,700,000

Bordering Countries:

  • Morocco.
  • Mali.
  • Libya.
  • Tunisia.
  • Niger.
  • Mauritania.
  • Western Sahara.

Total Size:

2,381,741 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

28°00′N 3°00′E

World Region or Continent:

Africa

General Terrain:

  • Clearing of land for agricultural use and cutting of timber over the centuries have severely reduced the once bountiful forest wealth.
  • Forest fires have also taken their toll.
  • In the higher and wetter portions of the Tell Atlas, cork oak and Aleppo pine grow in thick soils.
  • At lower levels on thinner soils, drought-resistant shrubs predominate.
  • The grapevine is indigenous to the coastal lowlands, and grasses and scrub cover the High Plateaus.
  • On the Saharan Atlas, little survives of the once extensive forests of Atlas cedar that have been exploited for fuel and timber since antiquity.

Geographical Low Point:

Chott Melrhir, −40 m

Geographical High Point:

Mount Tahat, 2,908 m

Climate:

  • Northern Algeria is in the temperate zone and enjoys a mild, Mediterranean climate. It lies within approximately the same latitudes as southern California and has somewhat similar climatic conditions.
  • Year-to-year variations in climatic conditions are also common.
  • In the Tell, temperatures in summer average between 21 and 24 °C (70 and 75 °F) and in winter drop to 10 to 12 °C (50 to 54 °F).

Major cities:

  • Algiers
  • Oran
  • Constantine
  • Batna
  • Djelfa
  • Sétif
  • Annaba
  • Sidi bel Abbès
  • Biskra
  • Tiaret
  • Tébessa
  • Chlef
  • Béjaïa
  • Bordj Bou Arreridj
  • Béchar
  • Skikda
  • Blida
  • M’Sila
  • Souk Ahras
  • El Eulma
  • Mostaganem
  • Laghouat
  • Tlemcen
  • Médéa
  • Tizi Ouzou
  • Jijel
  • El Oued
  • Ouargla
  • Relizane
  • Saïda
  • Bou Saâda
  • Guelma
  • Aïn Beïda
  • Maghnia
  • Mascara
  • Khenchela
  • Barika
  • Messaad
  • Aflou
  • Aïn Oussara

Major Land forms:

No there are no major landforms because Algeria is mostly desert.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers :

  • Oued Cheliff
  • Oued Seybouse
  • Oued Soummam
  • Oued Mekerra
  • Oued Medjerda
  • Bou Sellam
  • Oued Tafna
  • Oued Isser
  • Djedi River
  • Sly River
  • Oued Namous
  • Isser River

Major Rivers:

  • Chelif
  • Djedi
  • Medjerda
  • Ziz
  • Seybouse

Famous Places:

  • Le Jardin d’Essai du Hamma
  • Kasbah of Algiers
  • Basilique Notre Dame d’Afrique
  • Fort Santa Cruz
  • Emir Abdelkader Mosquée
  • Citadelle et Palais El Mechouar
  • Pic des Singes
  • Cap Carbon
  • Pont Sidi M’Cid
  • Chapelle de Santa Cruz

Natural Resources:

  • Oil,
  • Gas,
  • Solar energy,
  • Iron,
  • Zinc,
  • Lead,
  • Silicon, and
  • Helium.

Major Geographical Features:

Topography:

About half of Algeria is 900 m (3,000 ft) or more above sea level, and about 70% of the area is from 760 to 1,680 m (2,500 to 5,500 ft) in elevation. The highest point is Mount Tahat (3,003 m/9,852 ft), in the Ahaggar Range of the Sahara.

Oceans:

The Mediterranean Sea

Islands:

  • islands of algeria
  • Isla Srigina
  • Île de Rachgoun
  • Ilot de la Marine

Mountain Ranges:

  • Azao
  • Bou Zizi
  • Djabel ALAZREG
  • Bouzegza
  • Chélia
  • Choukchout
  • Djebel Aïssa
  • Djebel Fellaoucen
  • Djebel Tenouchfi
  • Garet el Djenoun
  • Guern Arif
  • In Akoulmou
  • Kef Siga
  • Lalla Khedidja
  • Mansoura
  • Mount Babor
  • Pic des Singes
  • Ras El Braret
  • Rond Point des Cèdres
  • Sidi Amar
  • Tahat
  • Tessala
  • Valva
  • Zaccar

Provinces of Algeria:

  • Adrar
  • Chlef
  • Laghouat
  • Oum El Bouaghi
  • Batna
  • Béjaïa
  • Biskra
  • Béchar
  • Blida
  • Bouïra
  • Tamanrasset
  • Tébessa
  • Tlemcen
  • Tiaret
  • Tizi Ouzou
  • Alger
  • Djelfa
  • Jijel
  • Sétif
  • Saïda
  • Skikda
  • Sidi Bel Abbès
  • Annaba
  • Guelma
  • Constantine
  • Médéa
  • Mostaganem
  • M’Sila
  • Mascara
  • Ouargla
  • Oran
  • El Bayadh
  • Illizi
  • Bordj Bou Arréridj
  • Boumerdès
  • El Tarf
  • Tindouf
  • Tissemsilt
  • El Oued
  • Khenchela
  • Souk Ahras
  • Tipaza
  • Mila
  • Aïn Defla
  • Naâma
  • Aïn Témouchent
  • Ghardaïa
  • Relizane
  • El M’ghair
  • El Menia
  • Ouled Djellal
  • Bordj Baji Mokhtar
  • Béni Abbès
  • Timimoun
  • Touggourt
  • Djanet
  • In Salah
  • In Guezzam

See Also:

World Map, Map of Africa

References:

naveed08st
 

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