Geography of Tuvalu – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

  • Tuvalu formerly known as the Ellice Islands is an island country in the Polynesian sub region of Oceania in the Pacific Ocean. Its islands are situated about midway between Hawaii and Australia.
  • Tuvalu lie east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands, northeast of Vanuatu, southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji.
  • Tuvalu is composed of three reef islands and six atolls

Geography of Tuvalu


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  • The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesians, according to well-established theories regarding a migration of Polynesians into the Pacific that began about three thousand years ago. Long before European contact with the Pacific islands, Polynesians frequently voyaged by canoe between the islands.

Region:

Western Pacific

Area:

26 km2

Capital:

Funafuti

Population:

11,646 

Bordering Countries:

There are no Bordering Countries.

Total Size:

10 sq mi

Geographical Coordinates:

5°41′S 176°12′E

World Region or Continent:

Western Pacific

Geographical Low Point:

Pacific Ocean 0 metres (0 ft)

Geographical High Point:

Niulakita 4.6 metres (15 ft)

Climate:

  • Tuvalu experiences the effects of El Niño and La Niña that flow from changes in ocean temperatures in equatorial and central Pacific.
  • El Niño effects increase the chances of tropical storms and cyclones.
  • La Niña effects increase the chances of drought conditions in Tuvalu.

Major cities:

  • Funafuti,
  • Savave Village,
  • Motufoua school,
  • Teava village,
  • Tanrake village,
  • Tamaseu village,
  • Tokelau village,
  • Toka village.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

There are no rivers in Tuvalu.

Famous Places:

  • Funafuti,
  • Marine Conservation Park, Funafuti,
  • Nanumanga,
  • WWII Plane Wreckage Sites,
  • The Philatelic Bureau of Tuvalu, Funafuti,

Natural Resources:

Fish is the primary natural resource for Tuvalu. 

Major Geographical Features:

Topography:

Tuvalu consists entirely of low-lying coral atolls, none of which is more than 5 m (16 ft) above sea level; few of the atolls are more than 0.8 km (0.5 mi) wide. The islands are coral reefs on the outer arc of ridges formed by pressure from the Central Pacific against the ancient Australian landmass.

Oceans:

South Pacific Ocean

Islands:

  • Fongafale,
  • Niulakita,
  • Nanumea,
  • Amatuku,
  • Vasafua,
  • Tepuka Vili Vili

Mountain Ranges:

  • Niulakita Island , Niutao
  • Top of Tuvalu, Niutao
  • Nanumea Island, Nanumea

List of Villages and neighborhoods in Tuvalu:

  • Alapi
  • Angafoulua
  • Asau
  • Fakai Fou
  • Fangaua
  • Fenua Tapu
  • Fongafale
  • Funafuti – Capital
  • Kulia
  • Lolua
  • Niulakita
  • Savave
  • Senala
  • Tanrake
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Tumaseu
  • Vaiaku

Facts about Tuvalu:

  • Tuvalu is one of the smallest countries in the world.
  • The country does not take credit cards.
  • Tuvalu’s country code domain extension transformed the island’s GDP.
  • Tuvalu used to be known as the Ellice Islands.
  • Tuvalu is made up entirely of atolls.

See Also:

World Map

References:

UPSC Overflow
 

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