Geography of United States – The Ultimate Free Guide 2021

Learn facts and Geography of United States including Major Geographical Features, Natural resources, Region, area, Capital, Border countries, rivers in United States.

  • The United States is a federal republic and a representative democracy with three separate branches of government, including a bicameral legislature. It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, NATO, and other international organizations
  • The United States of America is reported to be a huge country. Earthlings in other places have described it as having a great variety of landforms and life forms. In addition to the indigenous peoples who have lived there for thousands of years, and the descendants of the first European settlers, I have heard that people travel from all over the world to live there.
  • The United States is in the Western Hemisphere on the continent called North America. A continent is a large landmass that sometimes has islands off its shores. North America is made up of Canada, the United States, and Middle America, which includes Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean islands.
  • The United States also controls territories beyond these borders. In the Caribbean Sea, which is south of the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands are U.S. territories. In the Pacific Ocean, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands are all U.S. territories. We will not be sending reports about these territories
  • The northern border of the United States with Canada is the world’s longest bi-national land border.

Geography of United States

Geography of United States
Figure: Geography of United States – Wikipedia


Regions are Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, Southwest, and West.


9,826,675 km2


Washington, D.C.



Bordering Countries:

  • Canada
  • Mexico

Total Size:

9,833,520 km2

Geographical Coordinates:

38.000°N 97.000°W

World Region or Continent:

North America

General Terrain:

  • Vast central plain, Interior Highlands and low mountains in Midwest, mountains and valleys in the mid-south, coastal flatland near the Gulf and Atlantic coasts, complete with mangrove forests and temperate, subtropical, and tropical laurel forest and jungle, canyons, basins, plateus, and mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east; intermittent hilly and mountainous regions in Great Plains, with occasional badland topography; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska; rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii and the territories

Geographical Low Point:

Badwater Basin

Geographical High Point:



Diverse: Ranges from Temperate in the North to Tropical in the far south. West: mostly semi-arid to desert, Mountains: alpine, Northeast: humid continental, Southeast: humid subtropical, Coast of California: Mediterranean, Pacific Northwest: cool temperate oceanic, Alaska: mostly subarctic, Hawaii, South Florida, and the territories: tropical

Major cities:

  • New York
  • Los Angeles
  • Chicago
  • Houston
  • Phoenix
  • Philadelphia
  • San Antonio
  • San Diego
  • Dallas
  • San Jose
  • Austin
  • Jacksonville
  • Fort Worth
  • Columbus
  • Indianapolis
  • Charlotte
  • San Francisco
  • Seattle
  • Denver
  • Washington
  • Nashville
  • Oklahoma City
  • El Paso
  • Boston
  • Portland
  • Las Vegas
  • Detroit
  • Memphis
  • Louisville
  • Baltimore[m]
  • Milwaukee
  • Albuquerque
  • Tucson
  • Fresno
  • Sacramento
  • Kansas City
  • Mesa
  • Atlanta
  • Omaha
  • Colorado Springs
  • Raleigh
  • Long Beach
  • Virginia Beach
  • Miami
  • Oakland
  • Minneapolis
  • Tulsa
  • Bakersfield
  • Wichita
  • Arlington
  • Aurora

Major Land forms:

Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of landforms.

Major Rivers and Lakes:

Major Rivers

  • Missouri River
  • Mississippi River
  • Yukon River
  • Rio Grande
  • Colorado River
  • Arkansas River
  • Columbia River
  • Red River
  • Snake River
  • Ohio River
  • Colorado River of Texas
  • Tennessee River
  • Canadian River
  • Brazos River
  • Green River
  • Pecos River
  • White River
  • James River
  • Kuskokwim River
  • Cimarron River
  • Cumberland River
  • Yellowstone River
  • North Platte River
  • Milk River
  • Ouachita River
  • Saint Lawrence River
  • Gila River
  • Sheyenne River
  • Tanana River
  • Smoky Hill River
  • Niobrara River
  • Little Missouri River
  • Sabine River
  • Red River of the North
  • Des Moines River
  • White River (Missouri River)
  • Trinity River
  • Wabash River

Natural Resources:

coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber, arable land.

Major Geographical Features:

Biomes & Ecosystems:

  • Coniferous Forest.
  • Deciduous Forest.
  • Desert.
  • Grassland.
  • Rainforest.
  • Tundra.


  • The eastern United States has a varied topography. A broad, flat coastal plain lines the Atlantic and Gulf shores from the Texas-Mexico border to New York City, and includes the Florida peninsula. This broad coastal plain and barrier islands make up the widest and longest beaches in the United States, much of it composed of soft, white sands.
  • The Florida Keys are a string of coral islands that reach the southernmost city on the United States mainland (Key West). Areas further inland feature rolling hills, mountains, and a diverse collection of temperate and subtropical moist and wet forests. Parts of interior Florida and South Carolina are also home to sand-hill communities.
  • The Appalachian Mountains form a line of low mountains separating the eastern seaboard from the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Basin. New England features rocky seacoasts and rugged mountains with peaks up to 6200 feet and valleys dotted with rivers and streams. Offshore Islands dot the Atlantic and Gulf coasts.


The continental United States are bordered on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Gulf of Mexico, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.



Mountain Ranges:

  • Hawaii Island
  • Kodiak Island
  • Puerto Rico
  • Prince of Wales Island
  • Chichagof Island
  • St. Lawrence Island
  • Admiralty Island
  • Nunivak Island
  • Unimak Island
  • Baranof Island

States of United States:

  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

See Also:

World Map


Wikipedia – Geography of United States – Geography of United States

Naveed Tawargeri

Hi, I'm Naveed Tawargeri, and I'm the owner and creator of this blog. I'm a Software Developer with a passion for Programming. 

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